Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt

The roof of the temple of Hathor striking power overlaps several layers of blocks, reaching tens of tons in weight. A return visit has only strengthened the use of its Central part, protruding from the lower perimeter, as the landing site for any aircraft.

Doubt in creating this temple only during the New Kingdom create not only a powerful covering blocks. On a much more advanced age indicate, for example, rainwater, which in the dry climate of Egypt in this area at this time was completely meaningless. On the roof, these gutters look just through-holes in the surrounding walls, and the outside is decorated with figures of lions.

Quite a long period of meditation called the traces of tools on blocks of dense Sandstone, from which it is made overlap the roof of the temple of Hathor. Like the traces of an ordinary chisel, and seems to indicate manual processing. But… why in some places they are so rare? And why in one place it was required to do a lot of kicks in a row, moving in a fairly easy to process Sandstone at one time a very small distance?

They can be compared with traces of a small jackhammer… or imitation handmade. For example, as simulated by the same handwork on the blocks pavement in the Valley of the Kings.

One would assume that the selectivity of the ground traces of the chisel due to the fact that these places cut down unnecessary ledges, preparing the surface for polishing. However, here there is another “but”. The fact that some blocks of the same overlapping leaves clear traces in order to obtain a flat surface were applied, not grinding, and quite a different technology — the top layer was not erased, but was cut off (!) immediately 2-3 inches! And if such technology is leveling the surface prior to the chipping of some protruding sections becomes unnecessary and meaningless work.

A small temple on the right just beyond the entrance to the Dendera complex is almost already half disassembled. Nothing particularly technologically advanced. He may be only half-joking version of the prototype. At least on this thought induces many signs of incompleteness of the reliefs on the walls — somewhere partially and somewhere totally. If someone had shown the Egyptians that can be done, and have left a few examples. And the rest of the walls were left untouched, as if provoking imitation and development.

Although, of course, a General pattern can be explained much easier by adopting a version of specialization of workers (some make the walls, other picture-reliefs, and others — applied decals and small details, etc.)

Another small temple is directly behind the main temple of Hathor — would not of itself do anything interesting if it was not found a basalt block at the base of the door. The unit is similar to the same in the temple in abusir. Basalt block, which for the sake of the door is not rubbing its bottom across the stone left by the semicircular protrusions near places of fastening doors. And for the sake of it with the rest of the unit shot material thickness less than one centimeter; and filmed so smoothly, what is “recessed” on the inch of the plane!

The unit is so contrasted with the careless laying of Sandstone, which is suggestive of a secondary use or building a temple on the remains of some much more ancient structure.

Outside the complex is the “Inbox” of black basalt. walls of unbaked clay bricks in the background look compared to him just a parody of technology.


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