Gothic architecture in Spain

Gothic architecture in Spain

In the 13th and 14th centuries in Spain. as in other European countries, formed the Gothic style in architecture. However, the Spanish Gothic style largely borrowed features of Moorish style, as one can easily verify, after inspecting the magnificent Gothic cathedrals in Seville or Toledo.

The best examples of civil Gothic architecture in Spain are in Catalonia. This exchange in Valencia and Palma de Mallorca.

Gothic style in Spain was formed in the Reconquista (the struggle between Christians and Arabs in Spain), which has had a huge impact on all aspects of life in Spain. As Christians conquered all new and new areas in the South of Spain, Moorish style of architecture had a big influence on the classic Gothic style.

Look closely at the Gothic buildings in Spain. Especially civil. In their appearance along with the Gothic austerity and simplicity of forms you can easily see the luxury and elegance, those traits in the architecture that were typical of the Arab style.

In Spain as nowhere else in Europe you can find a great variety of architectural styles. Shape Spanish cities differ significantly from each other. However, for all Spanish cities famous for one feature – the chaotic pattern of development. Spanish cities of the middle ages were necessarily surrounded by walls from which the gates to the center of the city were narrow and winding streets. In the centre generally was the town Hall and the Cathedral.

Simple dwellings of the Spaniards also differed from each other. The most common in Spain, was the type of house you who came from Andalusia. It was a Moorish-type houses with a courtyard, called the patio, the galleries, and flat with a clay lid. The courtyard of such houses was decorated with colorful tiles.

Castles and fortresses in Spain, built using the experience of the crusaders, as well as neighbouring France. Before the expulsion of the Arabs from Spain, these castles were used mainly for military purposes, and since the 15 century they gradually began to turn in front of the residence. Typical Spanish castle in those times is the castle of La Coca, near Segovia.

The inflow of gold to Spain, which followed after Spain has enriched its overseas possessions, contributed to the growth of cities. However, this was not a qualitative and quantitative growth. The city just went beyond the fortress walls. The architectural style remained mostly medieval. Spain, unlike Italy and France, has not experienced the prosperity in the field of architecture, characteristic of the Renaissance.

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