Gothic tales of mystery, suspense, and terror include elements pertaining to both horror and romance. Through books and films, Gothic genre continues to terrify its audience. Gothic culture has always drawn attention in terms of various aspects related to music, fashion and their unique style of writing.
This literature has even influenced other different genres of writing styles. There are some prominent features of this literature that sets it apart from the rest, even today.
The word Gothic has its roots in the name of the German tribe called the Goths. The term Gothic was later used during medieval times in the field of architecture for the construction of buildings with pointed arches and vaults. Gothic literature is closely related with Victorian Gothic, or Gothic revival architectural movement of the same era. Destroyed the medieval buildings have been a strong source of inspiration for writers, even the castles were named with links nd to the architectural style. Thus, the writing of the novel in a Gothic building helped authors to assemble the emotions of fear, despair, isolation and suspense. The first form of Gothic literature began in 1764 when Horace Walpole published his novel the Castle of Otranto. The novel is often regarded as the first Gothic novel. A typical Gothic novel has the following elements: Old, abandoned castle or monastery. Castle often includes back doors, secret rooms, mysterious passages, and ruined part, everything is gloomy and poorly lit. Extreme landscapes, like the dense and misty forests, rugged mountains, stormy weather, and the like. Omens, curses, and visions preceding the climax or tragedy. Occult events, such as magic, spirits, monsters, animating objects, and other supernatural expressions. The man is a hero who often saves the damsel in distress and whose identity is revealed at the end of the novel. Stubborn villain with a thirst for passion and revenge. A young, beautiful woman with a mysterious past and a tendency to swoon and cry. The unknown amid flickering candles, shadows, moonlight, and mazes.
The 18 th century.
The 18th century marked the beginning of the Gothic era. During the romantic era, many Gothic novels were published. As mentioned above, then, the Gothic novels were marked by unusual sounds and smells, as well as striking terror and hostile environment. Horace Walpole through his novel “the Castle of Otranto” initiated the trend of combining mystery and suspense, ancient prophecies, and beautiful heroines. Taking a cue from this installation, Ann Radcliffe’s novels, “the Sicilian romance” (1790). “Wolfsie secrets” (1794). and “the Italian” (1797) presented a detailed explanation of the supernatural setting. This was followed by the publication of the Monk (1796). written by Matthew Lewis who was inspired by the works of Radcliffe. At about the same time, “black novel” – version of the Gothic genre gained popularity in France, while “shudder novel” did the same thing in Germany. Both genres were worse and krovoprolitiya than the English Gothic novels.