The Gothic quarter
Woven from the labyrinth of mysterious streets, talansky ancient mansions, churches and merchants ‘ houses, the Gothic quarter of Barcelona with its ancient enchanting beauty every day attracts crowds of tourists. This place, or Barri Gotic, as it is called, remembers the end of the Roman Empire. Then he was not the heart of the Catalan capital, and the settlement of Barcino.
The most famous building in the quarter, is Barcelona Cathedral. The building has also another international name is the Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia. The architecture of the Cathedral combines Gothic and Catalan elements. At first glance, the building, like its relatives in other countries, it seems heavy and imposing, but upon closer inspection, you notice the smooth curve and the elegance of the ornament. From the dome of the Cathedral offers a wonderful view, magically opening the city from a different perspective.
In addition to the role of the architectural monument and tourist object the Cathedral and performs its job. Contrary to erroneous opinion, it is the Church of Barcelona, which are of primary importance.
In the Gothic quarter is not less interesting places to visit. For example, the plaça Sant Jaume, the main square of the quarter, which has preserved its historical view of the times of the Middle ages. there are buildings Continue reading
Prehistoric miracle or how to begin the history of architecture
Tess d’Erbervill killed her seducer. She runs to Angel Clare. The clouds seemed to be hovering over his head, it was dark. In the dark, they nearly ran into some giant structure. Single colonies were completely alone, others were connected with stone slabs, and the majority was on the ground.
Thomas Hardy led the heroes of his famous novel to the ruins of Stonehenge – an ancient mysterious buildings, located not far from London.
Traveling letom 1882 in Brittany, Maupassant saw a field dotted with stones of Karnak. The stones seemed to be alive, “the giant, the tiny, square, oblong, flat, like skinny or big-bellied body. Among them are lost.” This is also a mysterious constructions of the Stone Age, only in France.
Megaliths (translated as “big rocks” or, more precisely, “the construction of large stones”) are scattered over a huge area of our planet, all over the world except Australia. They can be seen in England, France, Denmark, Spain, Greece, Asia Minor, Palestine, East and North Africa, India, Indonesia, Laos, Burma, China, Korea and Japan. They are found mainly in the coastal areas. They can be seen in the Caucasus, in Abkhazia. Once they have been widely distributed in the Kuban. They were erected in the time of the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age, in the III – II millennium BC, in some Continue reading
CYCLOPEAN MASONRY — masonry with giant blocks of stone, characteristic of the architectural structures of antiquity. Under many later believed such buildings were created by the legendary Cyclops. Often kvadra stone no bond, and the stability of the entire structure is achieved only by the force of their gravity. One of the most famous examples of the so-called Lion gate at Mycenae, built in 14-13 centuries BC.
Barrel VAULT — a vault, having in transverse vertical section form of a semicircle, in the longitudinal — straight line, C. S. based on parallel supports (walls, columns, colonnade, arcade). C. S. originated in the deep of the trees to bear (IV — III Millennium B. C.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt Crossed C. C. form groin
The ENGRAVER’s (from zinc and Greek. grapho — write, draw) — the production of relief forms for relief printing from zinc by means of chemical and photos mechanical processes. For the engraving zinc drawing done on the Board acid-resistant paints, then unpainted parts of zinc deeply poisoned by the acids, while the graphic does not clearly and distinctly stand out on the plate, forming the printing plates With line etching, a drawing, a solution of asphalt on a plate of zinc or drawing with ink or chalk (the opposing acid) transferred with the glue-coated paper, soaking the paper attached to the face plate, the adhesive dissolves, Continue reading