(from the Mega. and Greek líthos stone) – buildings made of large blocks of wild or roughly processed stone. These include Dolmens, Menhirs, Cromlechs, Stone boxes, covered galleries. M. widespread throughout the world except Australia, mainly in coastal areas. M. in Europe mostly date from the Eneolithic and bronze age (3-2 Millennium BC), with the exception of England, where M belong to the Neolithic period. The appointment of M. it is not always possible to install. Mostly they were used for burials or were connected with funerary cult. Apparently, M. community structure. Their construction was primitive technology huge challenge and required combining large masses of people.
Menhir (Bretons. menhir, men — stone and hir — long) simplest type of megalithic structures (consisting of a single block of stone, dug into the ground. M reach the height of 4-5 m or more (the largest M height 20 m weighs about 300 tons, is in France). Sometimes M. are long alleys or arranged in a ring. Apparently, M. had a religious significance. Most Meters in North-Western Europe, are also found in Asia and Africa. On the territory of the USSR, disseminated in some regions of Siberia and the Caucasus.
Dolmen Continue reading
Mysterious Mexican pyramid of Teotihuacan
About the famous Egyptian pyramids know everything, and many there have already visited: close to them and even inside (especially in the last fifteen years, thanks to tours). But few people remember, or may not know that in addition to the Egyptian pyramids in the world still exist pyramids of ancient Aztec and Mayan tribes, located on the territory of modern Mexico.
Even in the II – I century BC in the Americas in the center of the territory of Mesoamerica, which later became Mexico, originated the ancient city of Teotihuacan, which is inhabited by different tribes, the largest of which were the Aztecs. The city had a strategic location in the valley, which gave access to an excellent system of lakes in the Valley of Mexico, alongside a valley of Puebla and had access to the coast of Veracruz. Initially, the city occupied an area of 6 square kilometers with a population of about 10 thousand people. In later centuries, the city grew to its peak in the IV-VI centuries BC had a population of about 125 thousand people, and to the adjacent settlement of nearly 200 thousand.
From an architectural point of view, the city was a grand monumental ensemble of temples, palaces, plazas, the porch, the dais, the wide streets and avenues, stone houses with high fences, walls of temples were decorated with Continue reading