CYCLOPEAN MASONRY — masonry with giant blocks of stone, characteristic of the architectural structures of antiquity. Under many later believed such buildings were created by the legendary Cyclops. Often kvadra stone no bond, and the stability of the entire structure is achieved only by the force of their gravity. One of the most famous examples of the so-called Lion gate at Mycenae, built in 14-13 centuries BC.
Barrel VAULT — a vault, having in transverse vertical section form of a semicircle, in the longitudinal — straight line, C. S. based on parallel supports (walls, columns, colonnade, arcade). C. S. originated in the deep of the trees to bear (IV — III Millennium B. C.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt Crossed C. C. form groin
The ENGRAVER’s (from zinc and Greek. grapho — write, draw) — the production of relief forms for relief printing from zinc by means of chemical and photos mechanical processes. For the engraving zinc drawing done on the Board acid-resistant paints, then unpainted parts of zinc deeply poisoned by the acids, while the graphic does not clearly and distinctly stand out on the plate, forming the printing plates With line etching, a drawing, a solution of asphalt on a plate of zinc or drawing with ink or chalk (the opposing acid) transferred with the glue-coated paper, soaking the paper attached to the face plate, the adhesive dissolves, Continue reading
The largest facilities in the world
Mysterious plate Baalbek
The largest Roman temple ever built is in ruins, but not in Greece or Rome, and in the ancient city of Baalbek, Lebanon (the city of Baal).
The great temple of Jupiter is part of a temple complex.
Matter of the elements of the structure: huge and very heavy-plate platform twenty meters marble columns, carved out of an unknown that way. It seems that the construction work or apply the magic of the giants.
The temple was destroyed during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius.
Despite its beauty, the ruins of Baalbek is rarely visited by tourists over the past decades due to the war, so this is a magnificent place to avoid strong looting.
Nobody knows what made this place so special to the Romans, which prompted them to build such a huge structure.
Easter Island also known as Rapa Nui and Isla de Pascua, is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific. He became known for his monumental statues that were created by the Rapanui people.
The statues, called moai so, were part of the cult of ancestor worship settlers of the island and were built between 1250 and 1500 BC
The heaviest statue weighs about 86 tons and argues that such work was a real Continue reading
(from the Mega. and Greek líthos stone) – buildings made of large blocks of wild or roughly processed stone. These include Dolmens, Menhirs, Cromlechs, Stone boxes, covered galleries. M. widespread throughout the world except Australia, mainly in coastal areas. M. in Europe mostly date from the Eneolithic and bronze age (3-2 Millennium BC), with the exception of England, where M belong to the Neolithic period. The appointment of M. it is not always possible to install. Mostly they were used for burials or were connected with funerary cult. Apparently, M. community structure. Their construction was primitive technology huge challenge and required combining large masses of people.
Menhir (Bretons. menhir, men — stone and hir — long) simplest type of megalithic structures (consisting of a single block of stone, dug into the ground. M reach the height of 4-5 m or more (the largest M height 20 m weighs about 300 tons, is in France). Sometimes M. are long alleys or arranged in a ring. Apparently, M. had a religious significance. Most Meters in North-Western Europe, are also found in Asia and Africa. On the territory of the USSR, disseminated in some regions of Siberia and the Caucasus.
Dolmen Continue reading