CYCLOPEAN MASONRY — masonry with giant blocks of stone, characteristic of the architectural structures of antiquity. Under many later believed such buildings were created by the legendary Cyclops. Often kvadra stone no bond, and the stability of the entire structure is achieved only by the force of their gravity. One of the most famous examples of the so-called Lion gate at Mycenae, built in 14-13 centuries BC.
Barrel VAULT — a vault, having in transverse vertical section form of a semicircle, in the longitudinal — straight line, C. S. based on parallel supports (walls, columns, colonnade, arcade). C. S. originated in the deep of the trees to bear (IV — III Millennium B. C.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt Crossed C. C. form groin
The ENGRAVER’s (from zinc and Greek. grapho — write, draw) — the production of relief forms for relief printing from zinc by means of chemical and photos mechanical processes. For the engraving zinc drawing done on the Board acid-resistant paints, then unpainted parts of zinc deeply poisoned by the acids, while the graphic does not clearly and distinctly stand out on the plate, forming the printing plates With line etching, a drawing, a solution of asphalt on a plate of zinc or drawing with ink or chalk (the opposing acid) transferred with the glue-coated paper, soaking the paper attached to the face plate, the adhesive dissolves, Continue reading
(from the Mega. and Greek líthos stone) – buildings made of large blocks of wild or roughly processed stone. These include Dolmens, Menhirs, Cromlechs, Stone boxes, covered galleries. M. widespread throughout the world except Australia, mainly in coastal areas. M. in Europe mostly date from the Eneolithic and bronze age (3-2 Millennium BC), with the exception of England, where M belong to the Neolithic period. The appointment of M. it is not always possible to install. Mostly they were used for burials or were connected with funerary cult. Apparently, M. community structure. Their construction was primitive technology huge challenge and required combining large masses of people.
Menhir (Bretons. menhir, men — stone and hir — long) simplest type of megalithic structures (consisting of a single block of stone, dug into the ground. M reach the height of 4-5 m or more (the largest M height 20 m weighs about 300 tons, is in France). Sometimes M. are long alleys or arranged in a ring. Apparently, M. had a religious significance. Most Meters in North-Western Europe, are also found in Asia and Africa. On the territory of the USSR, disseminated in some regions of Siberia and the Caucasus.
Dolmen Continue reading
Nicholas Cathedral in Kiev. The Catholic Church and the national house of organ and chamber music in the same building
The first impression of an architectural work may be associated with the fact that You have moved in space and time. The building of the Gothic style in the business center of Kiev – not a common occurrence… Unusual forms of construction solutions instantly attracts attention. Maybe You have a speculation that this is the castle, the temple, or, for example, a theater… What is it actually? We will talk further.
The history of the Church of St. Nicholas has lasted for more than a century. The opening and lighting of the Cathedral took place in 1909. The construction lasted 10 years. 3D layout of the Roman-Catholic Church of St. Nicholas
By the end of the NINETEENTH century the Polish community of Kyiv has increased to approximately 40 thousand people. Alexander’s Church, built earlier, it could not hold on main religious holidays, you need a number of believers. The Polish nobility have a desire to build a second Church in Kiev. Despite the lack of support from the tsarist Russia, the Polish community managed to convince the governors to implement it. Was collected, at that time, a huge amount of donations of $ 500 thousand. Project competition winner was a young architect S. V. Valovsky. Continue reading