The builders of Gothic cathedrals
The origins of the spiritual search
Historian Christian Jacques in the book “the Message of the builders of the cathedrals” writes about the medieval master masons: “there is No romanticism in extremely harsh work these people, no exaggerated sentimentality constant routine construction projects. A spiritual search for them — everyday an adventure, a battle to reveal their true nature, to know yourself through the truth of architecture, sculpture and the mastery of professional skills”.
The origins of this spiritual quest, this active spiritual life to be found in the monasteries of that time. They at the end of the Millenniu Continue reading
Prehistoric miracle or how to begin the history of architecture
Tess d’Erbervill killed her seducer. She runs to Angel Clare. The clouds seemed to be hovering over his head, it was dark. In the dark, they nearly ran into some giant structure. Single colonies were completely alone, others were connected with stone slabs, and the majority was on the ground.
Thomas Hardy led the heroes of his famous novel to the ruins of Stonehenge – an ancient mysterious buildings, located not far from London.
Traveling letom 1882 in Brittany, Maupassant saw a field dotted with stones of Karnak. The stones seemed to be alive, “the giant, the tiny, square, oblong, flat, like skinny or big-bellied body. Among them are lost.” This is also a mysterious constructions of the Stone Age, only in France.
Megaliths (translated as “big rocks” or, more precisely, “the construction of large stones”) are scattered over a huge area of our planet, all over the world except Australia. They can be seen in England, France, Denmark, Spain, Greece, Asia Minor, Palestine, East and North Africa, India, Indonesia, Laos, Burma, China, Korea and Japan. They are found mainly in the coastal areas. They can be seen in the Caucasus, in Abkhazia. Once they have been widely distributed in the Kuban. They were erected in the time of the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age, in the III – II millennium BC, in some Continue reading
Age structure of the population of the world
The human age is the period from his birth to a particular measured point in his life. Because at different stages of their life perform different economic, social and demographic features, in demography adopted different classifications (groups) ages – as more detailed and more generalized. The number of fractional classifications belongs, for example, the following
DYNAMICS OF AGE STRUCTURE OF THE POPULATION OF THE WORLD
In fact, such a classification and is the basis for the allocation and calculation of human contingents that are related to preschool, school, marriage, recruiting, election, reservist, reproductive (all over the world women of this age are more than 1.5 billion), working age, pension and other ages. Of particular importance among these categories is the division of people into three groups: dorogobuzova (gorbachevo), working (working) and posleprodazhnogo (after their work) ages. The boundaries between them can be performed in different ways. For example, in Russia, persons working age includes men aged 16 to 59 and women aged 16 to 54 years (inclusive), and in most foreign countries consider able-bodied men and women aged from 16 to 65 years.
Accordingly Continue reading