CYCLOPEAN MASONRY — masonry with giant blocks of stone, characteristic of the architectural structures of antiquity. Under many later believed such buildings were created by the legendary Cyclops. Often kvadra stone no bond, and the stability of the entire structure is achieved only by the force of their gravity. One of the most famous examples of the so-called Lion gate at Mycenae, built in 14-13 centuries BC.
Barrel VAULT — a vault, having in transverse vertical section form of a semicircle, in the longitudinal — straight line, C. S. based on parallel supports (walls, columns, colonnade, arcade). C. S. originated in the deep of the trees to bear (IV — III Millennium B. C.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt Crossed C. C. form groin
The ENGRAVER’s (from zinc and Greek. grapho — write, draw) — the production of relief forms for relief printing from zinc by means of chemical and photos mechanical processes. For the engraving zinc drawing done on the Board acid-resistant paints, then unpainted parts of zinc deeply poisoned by the acids, while the graphic does not clearly and distinctly stand out on the plate, forming the printing plates With line etching, a drawing, a solution of asphalt on a plate of zinc or drawing with ink or chalk (the opposing acid) transferred with the glue-coated paper, soaking the paper attached to the face plate, the adhesive dissolves, Continue reading
The Gothic quarter
The Gothic quarter is the heart of old Barcelona. It consists of the close medieval streets, mansions of the Catalan nobility, Church and merchants ‘ houses. Emerged on the ruins of Roman buildings, Barri Gotic is the true gem of the Mediterranean metropolis.
Better acquainted with the attractions of the Gothic quarter. And draw a walking route with the following checkpoints:
The Plaça Sant Jaume
The Museum Frederic Mares
Roman columns and the Jewish quarter
Map of the Gothic quarter
Otherwise – the Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia, or Catedral. The best place to start the walk through the Gothic quarter.
The beginning of construction dates back to the year 1298, and the last stone in the décor of the façade was carefully laid in the nineteenth century. But the Gothic masterpiece is worth your time and money.
Everyone who understands the architecture of the viewer will notice the dissonance between the luxury of the facade-remake and asceticism of the ancient octagonal towers.
The design is to allocate a nave and Gothic choir with ornate finials. They are decorated with emblems and symbols of famous European Royal families.
Gothic Continue reading
Most mysterious in the world of graves
No one living on earth men know not what awaits us after death. In earthly life the human point puts the grave, however, in some cases, even in her deceased cannot find peace. Then you are waiting for the mysterious graves in the world, around which runs a lot of mystic legends.
Rosalia Lombardo (1918 — 1920, Capuchin catacombs in Italy)
At the age of 2 years the girl died of pneumonia. The inconsolable father could not part with the body of his daughter and approached Alfredo Salafia, to the embalmed body of the child. Salafia did a great job (dried skin with a mixture of alcohol and glycerine, replaced the blood in formaldehyde and used salicylic acid to prevent the spread of fungus through the body). As a result the girl’s body in a sealed coffin with nitrogen, it looks like she fell asleep.
Cage dead (Victorian era)
During the Victorian era over the graves erected a metal cage. Their purpose is not exactly known. Some believe that so grave was protected from the destroyers, others think that this was done to ensure that the dead did not come out of their graves.
Tair but Masakado (940, Japan)
This man was a samurai in the Heian period, he became the leader of one of the largest uprisings against the rule of Kyoto. Rebellion Continue reading