The builders of Gothic cathedrals
The origins of the spiritual search
Historian Christian Jacques in the book “the Message of the builders of the cathedrals” writes about the medieval master masons: “there is No romanticism in extremely harsh work these people, no exaggerated sentimentality constant routine construction projects. A spiritual search for them — everyday an adventure, a battle to reveal their true nature, to know yourself through the truth of architecture, sculpture and the mastery of professional skills”.
The origins of this spiritual quest, this active spiritual life to be found in the monasteries of that time. They at the end of the Millenniu Continue reading
GOTHIC, Gothic and neo-Gothic
The violla-Le-Duc (Viollet-le-Duc) eugène Emmanuel (27.1.1814, Paris, – 17.9.1879, Lausanne, Switzerland), French architect, historian and theorist of architecture. Restored a number of French Gothic cathedrals (including Notre Dame de Paris, 1845, together with J. B. Lasso), the fortifications of Carcassonne, the castle of Pierrefonds and others In historical and theoretical writings (“the Explanatory dictionary of French architecture”, 10 vols. 1854-68; “Conversations on architecture”, 2 vols. 1858-72, Rus. lane 1937-38; “Russian art”, 1877, eng. lane 1879) V. sought to identify General patterns of architecture (including the conditionality of the form design), the originality of its national schools, the nature of medieval art, the constructive achievements of Gothic architecture, the study of which stimulated the development of skeletal structures.
Gothic architecture in Spain
In the 13th and 14th centuries in Spain. as in other European countries, formed the Gothic style in architecture. However, the Spanish Gothic style largely borrowed features of Moorish style, as one can easily verify, after inspecting the magnificent Gothic cathedrals in Seville or Toledo.
The best examples of civil Gothic architecture in Spain are in Catalonia. This exchange in Valencia and Palma de Mallorca.
Gothic style in Spain was formed in the Reconquista (the struggle between Christians and Arabs in Spain), which has had a huge impact on all aspects of life in Spain. As Christians conquered all new and new areas in the South of Spain, Moorish style of architecture had a big influence on the classic Gothic style.
Look closely at the Gothic buildings in Spain. Especially civil. In their appearance along with the Gothic austerity and simplicity of forms you can easily see the luxury and elegance, those traits in the architecture that were typical of the Arab style.
In Spain as nowhere else in Europe you can find a great variety of architectural styles. Shape Spanish cities differ significantly from each other. However, for all Spanish cities famous for one feature – the chaotic pattern of development. Spanish cities of the middle ages were necessarily surrounded by walls from which the gates Continue reading