Megaliths are prevalent worldwide mainly in coastal areas. In Europe they mostly date back to the Eneolithic and bronze age (3rd — 2nd Millennium BC), with the exception of the British Isles. Portugal and France. where megaliths belong to the Neolithic period (for example, Carrowmore in Ireland. Almendres in Portugal, Barnen in Brittany and Buganski necropolis in the Department of Poitou — Charentes. France). Megalithic monuments are especially numerous and diverse in Brittany. Also a large number of megaliths found on the Mediterranean coast of Spain. in Portugal. part of France. on the West coast of England, in Ireland. Denmark. on the southern coast of Sweden and in Israel. In the early twentieth century it was widely believed that all megaliths belonged to one global megalithic culture. but modern research and Dating methods disprove this assumption.
The most common megalithic structure in Europe — the dolmen is a chamber or vault standing upright hewn monoliths, on which rests one or more large flat stones that make up the “roof”. Many of them, though not all, contain the remains of people buried inside. If the main purpose of burial buildings, or humans were sacrificed, was buried in in connection with the execution of Continue reading
Menhir — an oblong stone (Breton: men, men — a stone, er, hir — long), as if planted in the ground stone cult column in the form of the unfinished obelisk. Custom build stone structures various forms of folded roughly, often the imposing stone blocks, dominating primarily in the Northern regions of Western Europe since the Neolithic, of course, is associated with characteristic stone property — durability. (See Rock ). Having a naturally religious basis for the custom to erect “megalithic” (i.e., made of huge stones) structures were associated primarily with burial structures (in Brittany the dolmens in Northern Germany the megalithic burials), which probably should have provided a long blessed presence in the country deceased priests or the heroes. In the immediate vicinity of the dolmens are menhirs often, the symbolism and purpose are controversial. On the one hand, they are interpreted as phallic monuments (see Ling ), contributing to ensure continued fertility, or fertility, and on the other, antologi considered them more places to shower, being in which the soul buried in large stone tombs were supposed to protect the country. Other explanations may be the following: perhaps people have tried the most obvious way to note “Holy place” or sought to create a more solid column. denoting the earth’s axis, the cult post (see Continue reading
Prehistoric miracle or how to begin the history of architecture
Tess d’Erbervill killed her seducer. She runs to Angel Clare. The clouds seemed to be hovering over his head, it was dark. In the dark, they nearly ran into some giant structure. Single colonies were completely alone, others were connected with stone slabs, and the majority was on the ground.
Thomas Hardy led the heroes of his famous novel to the ruins of Stonehenge – an ancient mysterious buildings, located not far from London.
Traveling letom 1882 in Brittany, Maupassant saw a field dotted with stones of Karnak. The stones seemed to be alive, “the giant, the tiny, square, oblong, flat, like skinny or big-bellied body. Among them are lost.” This is also a mysterious constructions of the Stone Age, only in France.
Megaliths (translated as “big rocks” or, more precisely, “the construction of large stones”) are scattered over a huge area of our planet, all over the world except Australia. They can be seen in England, France, Denmark, Spain, Greece, Asia Minor, Palestine, East and North Africa, India, Indonesia, Laos, Burma, China, Korea and Japan. They are found mainly in the coastal areas. They can be seen in the Caucasus, in Abkhazia. Once they have been widely distributed in the Kuban. They were erected in the time of the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age, in the III – II millennium BC, in some Continue reading