The term was coined in 1849 by the English Explorer A. H. in the book Cyclops Christianus . and in 1867 formally adopted at the Congress in Paris . The term is not exhaustive, so the definition of megaliths and megalithic structures are subject to the rather vague group of buildings. In particular, the megaliths called the hewn stones of large dimensions including and is not used for the construction of tombs and monuments .
A separate group are megalithic structures, that is, the objects largely composed of megaliths. They are distributed worldwide. In Europe, for example, is the Stonehenge. facilities of Cretan-Mycenaean culture, or Egypt. In South America — Machu Picchu. Puma Punku. Ollantaitambo. Hacks. Sacsayhuaman. Of Tiwanaku .
Their common characteristic are blocks of stone weighing sometimes hundreds of tons. often transported from quarries located tens of kilometers sometimes with large differences in elevation relative to the site. The stones processed so that the junction between the blocks can not enter the shaving blade .
Typically megalithic structures would not serve as a housing. and from the period of construction to our days not reached any record of the technology and of construction. The lack of reliable written sources, and the fact that all these structures Continue reading
The most mysterious ancient buildings
We still can not comprehend some of the mysteries left by the ancestors. Such mysteries include the mystical ancient buildings, which we describe. The pyramids of Giza are the youngest and the most studied of this series.
The stone circles of Göbekli Tepe, Turkey
Gobekli Tepe is one of the oldest structures in the world. His age is about 12,000 years old! It was once believed that the most ancient and advanced civilization – Egyptian, but a temple complex in Turkey that makes us look at history with different eyes. It is unknown as 12 thousand years ago, people who did not know the wheel, could build such amazing buildings. This makes Göbekli Tepe one of the most important archaeological finds in the world.
Gobekli Tepe is a Neolithic temples in the form of stone circles, lying on the top of the ridge. They are composed of well-polished and fitted stones. Circles reach 30 meters in diameter, and within each of them is T-shaped sculpture, on which you can see carved in stone images of animals and birds. The existence of this amazing building was known in the 1960s, however, archaeologists began to conduct more rigorous research only in 1994.
Near the Neolithic temples Continue reading