Walls (V – VI century) – cyclopean buildings
In the cultural layers of Derbent dassanetch time were found the excavations conducted by archaeological expeditions under the leadership of Professor A. Kudryavtseva. evidence of the occurrence of the settlement here five years ago. In the book “Muslim city of Dagestan” Alexander Kudryavtsev Abakarovich notes: “the Territory of the Derbent hill continued to settle at the end of the P – beginning I thousand BC In the first quarter of the I Millennium BC on the basis of ancient settlements that existed on the Derbent hill, appeared the first fortification, the ancient fortress-refuge, which was, in fact, the earliest “node”, “castle” famous “Gates”, i.e., “Derbent”, vposledstvii received such wide acclaim.
Research of ancient fortifications of Derbent proved that these fortifications, lying mostly under the walls of the medieval citadel of the city, now known as the Naryn-Kala, was a strong fortress, almost completely similar in layout citadel of feudal times.”
Ancient writers and modern researchers is the construction of the fortifications of the processed stones in the Caspian passage associated with the names of the 4 kings of the Sassanid – Yezdigerd II. Perosa, Kawada and Khosrow I Anushirwan .
K. V. Trever construction of the Derbent defensive system considers it possible to date Continue reading
The Gothic quarter
The Gothic quarter is the heart of old Barcelona. It consists of the close medieval streets, mansions of the Catalan nobility, Church and merchants ‘ houses. Emerged on the ruins of Roman buildings, Barri Gotic is the true gem of the Mediterranean metropolis.
Better acquainted with the attractions of the Gothic quarter. And draw a walking route with the following checkpoints:
The Plaça Sant Jaume
The Museum Frederic Mares
Roman columns and the Jewish quarter
Map of the Gothic quarter
Otherwise – the Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia, or Catedral. The best place to start the walk through the Gothic quarter.
The beginning of construction dates back to the year 1298, and the last stone in the décor of the façade was carefully laid in the nineteenth century. But the Gothic masterpiece is worth your time and money.
Everyone who understands the architecture of the viewer will notice the dissonance between the luxury of the facade-remake and asceticism of the ancient octagonal towers.
The design is to allocate a nave and Gothic choir with ornate finials. They are decorated with emblems and symbols of famous European Royal families.
Gothic Continue reading
The term was coined in 1849 by the English Explorer A. H. in the book Cyclops Christianus . and in 1867 formally adopted at the Congress in Paris . The term is not exhaustive, so the definition of megaliths and megalithic structures are subject to the rather vague group of buildings. In particular, the megaliths called the hewn stones of large dimensions including and is not used for the construction of tombs and monuments .
A separate group are megalithic structures, that is, the objects largely composed of megaliths. They are distributed worldwide. In Europe, for example, is the Stonehenge. facilities of Cretan-Mycenaean culture, or Egypt. In South America — Machu Picchu. Puma Punku. Ollantaitambo. Hacks. Sacsayhuaman. Of Tiwanaku .
Their common characteristic are blocks of stone weighing sometimes hundreds of tons. often transported from quarries located tens of kilometers sometimes with large differences in elevation relative to the site. The stones processed so that the junction between the blocks can not enter the shaving blade .
Typically megalithic structures would not serve as a housing. and from the period of construction to our days not reached any record of the technology and of construction. The lack of reliable written sources, and the fact that all these structures Continue reading