military

Tone legends of the Mountain Ingushetia

Picnic at family tower

Military towers is preserved in many Caucasian republics. They are in remote areas of Dagestan, they are collected almost again in Chechnya, they are proud of in North Ossetia and Georgian Svaneti. But only in Jeirakh district of Ingushetia have Targonsky the basin in which all sides are piled real tower of the city, and some “skyscrapers” reach the height of a modern ten-storied house. And these stone villages still continue to live. On the weekends here come the lowland Ingush — to have a picnic near the family tower of his family and to tidy up the ancient stones. Summer wrestlers from around the world gather in the valley for the tournament “Battle in the mountains”. Shepherds lead the flock trails blazed by their ancestors. Almost every mountaineer invites travellers to visit for tea. But don’t believe them. Actually, instead of tea waiting for you a complete meal with a whole mountain of local dishes and a long leisurely conversations about life. A pair of these “cups of tea” — and a full belly is already thoroughly prevents mountain climbing. But to retreat when in front of towering proud ledged roof, impossible.

Finally, all the obstacles behind. Before us is a tower complex, a real medieval castle, with all the usual attributes: high stone walls, narrow staircases and even an analogue aerial lift bridge.

On the ground floor a wide residential tower (gala) kept cattle. On the second — staged home. The pagans believed that the fire is inhabited by the souls of the dead, Continue reading

The architecture and sculpture of Crete

The architecture and sculpture of Crete

Aegean culture – historical community of the cultures of the peoples who inhabited from the beginning of the third Millennium BC the Aegean shores: the Balkans, the Peninsula of Asia Minor and adjacent Islands – the Cyclades, largest island in the Aegean sea – Crete. A great civilization that flourished in these places, died in the mid to late second Millennium BC, when the Greek civilization is still in its infancy. Greatest cities of the Aegean world – Tiryns, Mycenae, Knossos, Phaistos, finally, the legendary Troy so many times mentioned in Greek myths and legends, it seems that the radicals received a classical education, knows them all, or almost all, but in fact until the seventies of the last century Europeans did not know where exactly were these cities, and believed that the myths are wonderful cautionary tales with entertaining intrigue and deep philosophical meaning, an inexhaustible mine of subjects for all arts for all ages.

Only in the 70-ies of the nineteenth century an amazing person, an Amateur in archeology, but piously believed that Homer described the real course of events, the German Heinrich Schliemann, after a desperate attempt to find Homeric Troy, proved that Troy existed. In Turkey, on a hill, Hisarlik, guided only by the descriptions of Homer and other ancient authors, he found the ruins of the legendary city, who died in a fire. It was Continue reading

Gothic architecture in Spain

Gothic architecture in Spain

In the 13th and 14th centuries in Spain. as in other European countries, formed the Gothic style in architecture. However, the Spanish Gothic style largely borrowed features of Moorish style, as one can easily verify, after inspecting the magnificent Gothic cathedrals in Seville or Toledo.

The best examples of civil Gothic architecture in Spain are in Catalonia. This exchange in Valencia and Palma de Mallorca.

Gothic style in Spain was formed in the Reconquista (the struggle between Christians and Arabs in Spain), which has had a huge impact on all aspects of life in Spain. As Christians conquered all new and new areas in the South of Spain, Moorish style of architecture had a big influence on the classic Gothic style.

Look closely at the Gothic buildings in Spain. Especially civil. In their appearance along with the Gothic austerity and simplicity of forms you can easily see the luxury and elegance, those traits in the architecture that were typical of the Arab style.

In Spain as nowhere else in Europe you can find a great variety of architectural styles. Shape Spanish cities differ significantly from each other. However, for all Spanish cities famous for one feature – the chaotic pattern of development. Spanish cities of the middle ages were necessarily surrounded by walls from which the gates Continue reading

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