The Gothic quarter
Woven from the labyrinth of mysterious streets, talansky ancient mansions, churches and merchants ‘ houses, the Gothic quarter of Barcelona with its ancient enchanting beauty every day attracts crowds of tourists. This place, or Barri Gotic, as it is called, remembers the end of the Roman Empire. Then he was not the heart of the Catalan capital, and the settlement of Barcino.
The most famous building in the quarter, is Barcelona Cathedral. The building has also another international name is the Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia. The architecture of the Cathedral combines Gothic and Catalan elements. At first glance, the building, like its relatives in other countries, it seems heavy and imposing, but upon closer inspection, you notice the smooth curve and the elegance of the ornament. From the dome of the Cathedral offers a wonderful view, magically opening the city from a different perspective.
In addition to the role of the architectural monument and tourist object the Cathedral and performs its job. Contrary to erroneous opinion, it is the Church of Barcelona, which are of primary importance.
In the Gothic quarter is not less interesting places to visit. For example, the plaça Sant Jaume, the main square of the quarter, which has preserved its historical view of the times of the Middle ages. there are buildings Continue reading
Megaliths are prevalent worldwide mainly in coastal areas. In Europe they mostly date back to the Eneolithic and bronze age (3rd — 2nd Millennium BC), with the exception of the British Isles. Portugal and France. where megaliths belong to the Neolithic period (for example, Carrowmore in Ireland. Almendres in Portugal, Barnen in Brittany and Buganski necropolis in the Department of Poitou — Charentes. France). Megalithic monuments are especially numerous and diverse in Brittany. Also a large number of megaliths found on the Mediterranean coast of Spain. in Portugal. part of France. on the West coast of England, in Ireland. Denmark. on the southern coast of Sweden and in Israel. In the early twentieth century it was widely believed that all megaliths belonged to one global megalithic culture. but modern research and Dating methods disprove this assumption.
The most common megalithic structure in Europe — the dolmen is a chamber or vault standing upright hewn monoliths, on which rests one or more large flat stones that make up the “roof”. Many of them, though not all, contain the remains of people buried inside. If the main purpose of burial buildings, or humans were sacrificed, was buried in in connection with the execution of Continue reading
Menhir — an oblong stone (Breton: men, men — a stone, er, hir — long), as if planted in the ground stone cult column in the form of the unfinished obelisk. Custom build stone structures various forms of folded roughly, often the imposing stone blocks, dominating primarily in the Northern regions of Western Europe since the Neolithic, of course, is associated with characteristic stone property — durability. (See Rock ). Having a naturally religious basis for the custom to erect “megalithic” (i.e., made of huge stones) structures were associated primarily with burial structures (in Brittany the dolmens in Northern Germany the megalithic burials), which probably should have provided a long blessed presence in the country deceased priests or the heroes. In the immediate vicinity of the dolmens are menhirs often, the symbolism and purpose are controversial. On the one hand, they are interpreted as phallic monuments (see Ling ), contributing to ensure continued fertility, or fertility, and on the other, antologi considered them more places to shower, being in which the soul buried in large stone tombs were supposed to protect the country. Other explanations may be the following: perhaps people have tried the most obvious way to note “Holy place” or sought to create a more solid column. denoting the earth’s axis, the cult post (see Continue reading