CYCLOPEAN MASONRY — masonry with giant blocks of stone, characteristic of the architectural structures of antiquity. Under many later believed such buildings were created by the legendary Cyclops. Often kvadra stone no bond, and the stability of the entire structure is achieved only by the force of their gravity. One of the most famous examples of the so-called Lion gate at Mycenae, built in 14-13 centuries BC.
Barrel VAULT — a vault, having in transverse vertical section form of a semicircle, in the longitudinal — straight line, C. S. based on parallel supports (walls, columns, colonnade, arcade). C. S. originated in the deep of the trees to bear (IV — III Millennium B. C.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt Crossed C. C. form groin
The ENGRAVER’s (from zinc and Greek. grapho — write, draw) — the production of relief forms for relief printing from zinc by means of chemical and photos mechanical processes. For the engraving zinc drawing done on the Board acid-resistant paints, then unpainted parts of zinc deeply poisoned by the acids, while the graphic does not clearly and distinctly stand out on the plate, forming the printing plates With line etching, a drawing, a solution of asphalt on a plate of zinc or drawing with ink or chalk (the opposing acid) transferred with the glue-coated paper, soaking the paper attached to the face plate, the adhesive dissolves, Continue reading
8 ancient places of Egypt which are must see
Once a huge and powerful civilization of Egypt has preserved many ancient, awe inspiring, and awe. The fact that all these sites, structures and buildings were constructed many centuries ago, but some incredibly fantastic way of using basic tools makes them even more striking. Did ancient Egyptians knew something I didn’t know even the modern architects with their latest inventions and techniques?
Let’s embark on a virtual journey through the most incredible and amazing places of Egypt, which survived for many centuries and to this day amaze and delight the eyes of locals and millions of tourists.
1. The Giza Necropolis
Pyramids are not only one of the most symbolic and recognizable places of Egypt and the last remaining on earth a Miracle of the Ancient World. Located not too far from the capital of Egypt, Cairo, the pyramids of Giza are one of the most visited attractions in the world, though there are only 3 of the 138 that exist across the country. But among them is one, the highest pyramid of Egypt, the great Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu), also known as the Great Pyramid, 140 meters in height. It is anticipated that the construction of the pyramid of Cheops is not only the Continue reading
The Gothic quarter
The Gothic quarter is the heart of old Barcelona. It consists of the close medieval streets, mansions of the Catalan nobility, Church and merchants ‘ houses. Emerged on the ruins of Roman buildings, Barri Gotic is the true gem of the Mediterranean metropolis.
Better acquainted with the attractions of the Gothic quarter. And draw a walking route with the following checkpoints:
The Plaça Sant Jaume
The Museum Frederic Mares
Roman columns and the Jewish quarter
Map of the Gothic quarter
Otherwise – the Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia, or Catedral. The best place to start the walk through the Gothic quarter.
The beginning of construction dates back to the year 1298, and the last stone in the décor of the façade was carefully laid in the nineteenth century. But the Gothic masterpiece is worth your time and money.
Everyone who understands the architecture of the viewer will notice the dissonance between the luxury of the facade-remake and asceticism of the ancient octagonal towers.
The design is to allocate a nave and Gothic choir with ornate finials. They are decorated with emblems and symbols of famous European Royal families.
Gothic Continue reading