Megaliths are prevalent worldwide mainly in coastal areas. In Europe they mostly date back to the Eneolithic and bronze age (3rd — 2nd Millennium BC), with the exception of the British Isles. Portugal and France. where megaliths belong to the Neolithic period (for example, Carrowmore in Ireland. Almendres in Portugal, Barnen in Brittany and Buganski necropolis in the Department of Poitou — Charentes. France). Megalithic monuments are especially numerous and diverse in Brittany. Also a large number of megaliths found on the Mediterranean coast of Spain. in Portugal. part of France. on the West coast of England, in Ireland. Denmark. on the southern coast of Sweden and in Israel. In the early twentieth century it was widely believed that all megaliths belonged to one global megalithic culture. but modern research and Dating methods disprove this assumption.
The most common megalithic structure in Europe — the dolmen is a chamber or vault standing upright hewn monoliths, on which rests one or more large flat stones that make up the “roof”. Many of them, though not all, contain the remains of people buried inside. If the main purpose of burial buildings, or humans were sacrificed, was buried in in connection with the execution of Continue reading
The builders of Gothic cathedrals
The origins of the spiritual search
Historian Christian Jacques in the book “the Message of the builders of the cathedrals” writes about the medieval master masons: “there is No romanticism in extremely harsh work these people, no exaggerated sentimentality constant routine construction projects. A spiritual search for them — everyday an adventure, a battle to reveal their true nature, to know yourself through the truth of architecture, sculpture and the mastery of professional skills”.
The origins of this spiritual quest, this active spiritual life to be found in the monasteries of that time. They at the end of the Millenniu Continue reading
The architecture and sculpture of Crete
Aegean culture – historical community of the cultures of the peoples who inhabited from the beginning of the third Millennium BC the Aegean shores: the Balkans, the Peninsula of Asia Minor and adjacent Islands – the Cyclades, largest island in the Aegean sea – Crete. A great civilization that flourished in these places, died in the mid to late second Millennium BC, when the Greek civilization is still in its infancy. Greatest cities of the Aegean world – Tiryns, Mycenae, Knossos, Phaistos, finally, the legendary Troy so many times mentioned in Greek myths and legends, it seems that the radicals received a classical education, knows them all, or almost all, but in fact until the seventies of the last century Europeans did not know where exactly were these cities, and believed that the myths are wonderful cautionary tales with entertaining intrigue and deep philosophical meaning, an inexhaustible mine of subjects for all arts for all ages.
Only in the 70-ies of the nineteenth century an amazing person, an Amateur in archeology, but piously believed that Homer described the real course of events, the German Heinrich Schliemann, after a desperate attempt to find Homeric Troy, proved that Troy existed. In Turkey, on a hill, Hisarlik, guided only by the descriptions of Homer and other ancient authors, he found the ruins of the legendary city, who died in a fire. It was Continue reading