Walls (V – VI century) – cyclopean buildings
In the cultural layers of Derbent dassanetch time were found the excavations conducted by archaeological expeditions under the leadership of Professor A. Kudryavtseva. evidence of the occurrence of the settlement here five years ago. In the book “Muslim city of Dagestan” Alexander Kudryavtsev Abakarovich notes: “the Territory of the Derbent hill continued to settle at the end of the P – beginning I thousand BC In the first quarter of the I Millennium BC on the basis of ancient settlements that existed on the Derbent hill, appeared the first fortification, the ancient fortress-refuge, which was, in fact, the earliest “node”, “castle” famous “Gates”, i.e., “Derbent”, vposledstvii received such wide acclaim.
Research of ancient fortifications of Derbent proved that these fortifications, lying mostly under the walls of the medieval citadel of the city, now known as the Naryn-Kala, was a strong fortress, almost completely similar in layout citadel of feudal times.”
Ancient writers and modern researchers is the construction of the fortifications of the processed stones in the Caspian passage associated with the names of the 4 kings of the Sassanid – Yezdigerd II. Perosa, Kawada and Khosrow I Anushirwan .
K. V. Trever construction of the Derbent defensive system considers it possible to date Continue reading
The Gothic quarter
Woven from the labyrinth of mysterious streets, talansky ancient mansions, churches and merchants ‘ houses, the Gothic quarter of Barcelona with its ancient enchanting beauty every day attracts crowds of tourists. This place, or Barri Gotic, as it is called, remembers the end of the Roman Empire. Then he was not the heart of the Catalan capital, and the settlement of Barcino.
The most famous building in the quarter, is Barcelona Cathedral. The building has also another international name is the Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia. The architecture of the Cathedral combines Gothic and Catalan elements. At first glance, the building, like its relatives in other countries, it seems heavy and imposing, but upon closer inspection, you notice the smooth curve and the elegance of the ornament. From the dome of the Cathedral offers a wonderful view, magically opening the city from a different perspective.
In addition to the role of the architectural monument and tourist object the Cathedral and performs its job. Contrary to erroneous opinion, it is the Church of Barcelona, which are of primary importance.
In the Gothic quarter is not less interesting places to visit. For example, the plaça Sant Jaume, the main square of the quarter, which has preserved its historical view of the times of the Middle ages. there are buildings Continue reading
The cathedral was designed by the devil
The idea of the cathedral of Cologne was so huge, that his first architect Gerhard von Riehl got a deadlock: how to implement it, how to implement such a great creation. And then came to the rescue, no, not God, but rather, the enemy of mankind. There is a widespread legend that the devil in exchange for the soul of the architect’s drawings required. But his wife was saved by her beloved husband: she got up early in the morning and the rooster crowed instead. The devil was such a simpleton that deception does not recognize under the contract, and was handed over to her drawings. Now Gerhard could be made to work, and he began working on the drawings of the devil, the soul of his wife had been ruined forever. However, Satan has not calmed down, and then he promised that as soon as the construction of the cathedral, the world will perish.
Whether to diabolical prophecy fulfilled, whether for objective reasons, but the construction was delayed for more than 600 years, and more precisely on the 632 years and 2 months. Only October 15, 1880 the grand opening of the temple. However, to this day on the steeple and walls of the cathedral can be seen scaffolding. The restoration work is constantly underway. So the end of the world we are not yet safe. But seriously, otherwise it can not be. Cologne Cathedral was included in UNESCO World Heritage List in 1996 still. In 2004, he was on the list Continue reading