Walls (V – VI century) – cyclopean buildings
In the cultural layers of Derbent dassanetch time were found the excavations conducted by archaeological expeditions under the leadership of Professor A. Kudryavtseva. evidence of the occurrence of the settlement here five years ago. In the book “Muslim city of Dagestan” Alexander Kudryavtsev Abakarovich notes: “the Territory of the Derbent hill continued to settle at the end of the P – beginning I thousand BC In the first quarter of the I Millennium BC on the basis of ancient settlements that existed on the Derbent hill, appeared the first fortification, the ancient fortress-refuge, which was, in fact, the earliest “node”, “castle” famous “Gates”, i.e., “Derbent”, vposledstvii received such wide acclaim.
Research of ancient fortifications of Derbent proved that these fortifications, lying mostly under the walls of the medieval citadel of the city, now known as the Naryn-Kala, was a strong fortress, almost completely similar in layout citadel of feudal times.”
Ancient writers and modern researchers is the construction of the fortifications of the processed stones in the Caspian passage associated with the names of the 4 kings of the Sassanid – Yezdigerd II. Perosa, Kawada and Khosrow I Anushirwan .
K. V. Trever construction of the Derbent defensive system considers it possible to date Continue reading
Menhir — an oblong stone (Breton: men, men — a stone, er, hir — long), as if planted in the ground stone cult column in the form of the unfinished obelisk. Custom build stone structures various forms of folded roughly, often the imposing stone blocks, dominating primarily in the Northern regions of Western Europe since the Neolithic, of course, is associated with characteristic stone property — durability. (See Rock ). Having a naturally religious basis for the custom to erect “megalithic” (i.e., made of huge stones) structures were associated primarily with burial structures (in Brittany the dolmens in Northern Germany the megalithic burials), which probably should have provided a long blessed presence in the country deceased priests or the heroes. In the immediate vicinity of the dolmens are menhirs often, the symbolism and purpose are controversial. On the one hand, they are interpreted as phallic monuments (see Ling ), contributing to ensure continued fertility, or fertility, and on the other, antologi considered them more places to shower, being in which the soul buried in large stone tombs were supposed to protect the country. Other explanations may be the following: perhaps people have tried the most obvious way to note “Holy place” or sought to create a more solid column. denoting the earth’s axis, the cult post (see Continue reading
The Gothic quarter
The Gothic quarter is the heart of old Barcelona. It consists of the close medieval streets, mansions of the Catalan nobility, Church and merchants ‘ houses. Emerged on the ruins of Roman buildings, Barri Gotic is the true gem of the Mediterranean metropolis.
Better acquainted with the attractions of the Gothic quarter. And draw a walking route with the following checkpoints:
The Plaça Sant Jaume
The Museum Frederic Mares
Roman columns and the Jewish quarter
Map of the Gothic quarter
Otherwise – the Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia, or Catedral. The best place to start the walk through the Gothic quarter.
The beginning of construction dates back to the year 1298, and the last stone in the décor of the façade was carefully laid in the nineteenth century. But the Gothic masterpiece is worth your time and money.
Everyone who understands the architecture of the viewer will notice the dissonance between the luxury of the facade-remake and asceticism of the ancient octagonal towers.
The design is to allocate a nave and Gothic choir with ornate finials. They are decorated with emblems and symbols of famous European Royal families.
Gothic Continue reading