The builders of Gothic cathedrals
The origins of the spiritual search
Historian Christian Jacques in the book “the Message of the builders of the cathedrals” writes about the medieval master masons: “there is No romanticism in extremely harsh work these people, no exaggerated sentimentality constant routine construction projects. A spiritual search for them — everyday an adventure, a battle to reveal their true nature, to know yourself through the truth of architecture, sculpture and the mastery of professional skills”.
The origins of this spiritual quest, this active spiritual life to be found in the monasteries of that time. They at the end of the Millenniu Continue reading
CYCLOPEAN MASONRY — masonry with giant blocks of stone, characteristic of the architectural structures of antiquity. Under many later believed such buildings were created by the legendary Cyclops. Often kvadra stone no bond, and the stability of the entire structure is achieved only by the force of their gravity. One of the most famous examples of the so-called Lion gate at Mycenae, built in 14-13 centuries BC.
Barrel VAULT — a vault, having in transverse vertical section form of a semicircle, in the longitudinal — straight line, C. S. based on parallel supports (walls, columns, colonnade, arcade). C. S. originated in the deep of the trees to bear (IV — III Millennium B. C.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt Crossed C. C. form groin
The ENGRAVER’s (from zinc and Greek. grapho — write, draw) — the production of relief forms for relief printing from zinc by means of chemical and photos mechanical processes. For the engraving zinc drawing done on the Board acid-resistant paints, then unpainted parts of zinc deeply poisoned by the acids, while the graphic does not clearly and distinctly stand out on the plate, forming the printing plates With line etching, a drawing, a solution of asphalt on a plate of zinc or drawing with ink or chalk (the opposing acid) transferred with the glue-coated paper, soaking the paper attached to the face plate, the adhesive dissolves, Continue reading
8 ancient places of Egypt which are must see
Once a huge and powerful civilization of Egypt has preserved many ancient, awe inspiring, and awe. The fact that all these sites, structures and buildings were constructed many centuries ago, but some incredibly fantastic way of using basic tools makes them even more striking. Did ancient Egyptians knew something I didn’t know even the modern architects with their latest inventions and techniques?
Let’s embark on a virtual journey through the most incredible and amazing places of Egypt, which survived for many centuries and to this day amaze and delight the eyes of locals and millions of tourists.
1. The Giza Necropolis
Pyramids are not only one of the most symbolic and recognizable places of Egypt and the last remaining on earth a Miracle of the Ancient World. Located not too far from the capital of Egypt, Cairo, the pyramids of Giza are one of the most visited attractions in the world, though there are only 3 of the 138 that exist across the country. But among them is one, the highest pyramid of Egypt, the great Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu), also known as the Great Pyramid, 140 meters in height. It is anticipated that the construction of the pyramid of Cheops is not only the Continue reading