Menhir — an oblong stone (Breton: men, men — a stone, er, hir — long), as if planted in the ground stone cult column in the form of the unfinished obelisk. Custom build stone structures various forms of folded roughly, often the imposing stone blocks, dominating primarily in the Northern regions of Western Europe since the Neolithic, of course, is associated with characteristic stone property — durability. (See Rock ). Having a naturally religious basis for the custom to erect “megalithic” (i.e., made of huge stones) structures were associated primarily with burial structures (in Brittany the dolmens in Northern Germany the megalithic burials), which probably should have provided a long blessed presence in the country deceased priests or the heroes. In the immediate vicinity of the dolmens are menhirs often, the symbolism and purpose are controversial. On the one hand, they are interpreted as phallic monuments (see Ling ), contributing to ensure continued fertility, or fertility, and on the other, antologi considered them more places to shower, being in which the soul buried in large stone tombs were supposed to protect the country. Other explanations may be the following: perhaps people have tried the most obvious way to note “Holy place” or sought to create a more solid column. denoting the earth’s axis, the cult post (see Continue reading
Age structure of the population of the world
The human age is the period from his birth to a particular measured point in his life. Because at different stages of their life perform different economic, social and demographic features, in demography adopted different classifications (groups) ages – as more detailed and more generalized. The number of fractional classifications belongs, for example, the following
DYNAMICS OF AGE STRUCTURE OF THE POPULATION OF THE WORLD
In fact, such a classification and is the basis for the allocation and calculation of human contingents that are related to preschool, school, marriage, recruiting, election, reservist, reproductive (all over the world women of this age are more than 1.5 billion), working age, pension and other ages. Of particular importance among these categories is the division of people into three groups: dorogobuzova (gorbachevo), working (working) and posleprodazhnogo (after their work) ages. The boundaries between them can be performed in different ways. For example, in Russia, persons working age includes men aged 16 to 59 and women aged 16 to 54 years (inclusive), and in most foreign countries consider able-bodied men and women aged from 16 to 65 years.
Accordingly Continue reading
(from the Mega. and Greek líthos stone) – buildings made of large blocks of wild or roughly processed stone. These include Dolmens, Menhirs, Cromlechs, Stone boxes, covered galleries. M. widespread throughout the world except Australia, mainly in coastal areas. M. in Europe mostly date from the Eneolithic and bronze age (3-2 Millennium BC), with the exception of England, where M belong to the Neolithic period. The appointment of M. it is not always possible to install. Mostly they were used for burials or were connected with funerary cult. Apparently, M. community structure. Their construction was primitive technology huge challenge and required combining large masses of people.
Menhir (Bretons. menhir, men — stone and hir — long) simplest type of megalithic structures (consisting of a single block of stone, dug into the ground. M reach the height of 4-5 m or more (the largest M height 20 m weighs about 300 tons, is in France). Sometimes M. are long alleys or arranged in a ring. Apparently, M. had a religious significance. Most Meters in North-Western Europe, are also found in Asia and Africa. On the territory of the USSR, disseminated in some regions of Siberia and the Caucasus.
Dolmen Continue reading