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The megalith

 

Megaliths are prevalent worldwide mainly in coastal areas. In Europe they mostly date back to the Eneolithic and bronze age (3rd — 2nd Millennium BC), with the exception of the British Isles. Portugal and France. where megaliths belong to the Neolithic period (for example, Carrowmore in Ireland. Almendres in Portugal, Barnen in Brittany and Buganski necropolis in the Department of Poitou — Charentes. France). Megalithic monuments are especially numerous and diverse in Brittany. Also a large number of megaliths found on the Mediterranean coast of Spain. in Portugal. part of France. on the West coast of England, in Ireland. Denmark. on the southern coast of Sweden and in Israel. In the early twentieth century it was widely believed that all megaliths belonged to one global megalithic culture. but modern research and Dating methods disprove this assumption.

The most common megalithic structure in Europe — the dolmen is a chamber or vault standing upright hewn monoliths, on which rests one or more large flat stones that make up the “roof”. Many of them, though not all, contain the remains of people buried inside. If the main purpose of burial buildings, or humans were sacrificed, was buried in in connection with the execution of Continue reading

Cologne Cathedral

The cathedral was designed by the devil

The idea of ​​the cathedral of Cologne was so huge, that his first architect Gerhard von Riehl got a deadlock: how to implement it, how to implement such a great creation. And then came to the rescue, no, not God, but rather, the enemy of mankind. There is a widespread legend that the devil in exchange for the soul of the architect’s drawings required. But his wife was saved by her beloved husband: she got up early in the morning and the rooster crowed instead. The devil was such a simpleton that deception does not recognize under the contract, and was handed over to her drawings. Now Gerhard could be made to work, and he began working on the drawings of the devil, the soul of his wife had been ruined forever. However, Satan has not calmed down, and then he promised that as soon as the construction of the cathedral, the world will perish.

Whether to diabolical prophecy fulfilled, whether for objective reasons, but the construction was delayed for more than 600 years, and more precisely on the 632 years and 2 months. Only October 15, 1880 the grand opening of the temple. However, to this day on the steeple and walls of the cathedral can be seen scaffolding. The restoration work is constantly underway. So the end of the world we are not yet safe. But seriously, otherwise it can not be. Cologne Cathedral was included in UNESCO World Heritage List in 1996 still. In 2004, he was on the list Continue reading

The obelisk as a symbol

Menhir

Menhir — an oblong stone (Breton: men, men — a stone, er, hir — long), as if planted in the ground stone cult column in the form of the unfinished obelisk. Custom build stone structures various forms of folded roughly, often the imposing stone blocks, dominating primarily in the Northern regions of Western Europe since the Neolithic, of course, is associated with characteristic stone property — durability. (See Rock ). Having a naturally religious basis for the custom to erect “megalithic” (i.e., made of huge stones) structures were associated primarily with burial structures (in Brittany the dolmens in Northern Germany the megalithic burials), which probably should have provided a long blessed presence in the country deceased priests or the heroes. In the immediate vicinity of the dolmens are menhirs often, the symbolism and purpose are controversial. On the one hand, they are interpreted as phallic monuments (see Ling ), contributing to ensure continued fertility, or fertility, and on the other, antologi considered them more places to shower, being in which the soul buried in large stone tombs were supposed to protect the country. Other explanations may be the following: perhaps people have tried the most obvious way to note “Holy place” or sought to create a more solid column. denoting the earth’s axis, the cult post (see Continue reading

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Megaliths are
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