structures

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Tone legends of the Mountain Ingushetia

Picnic at family tower

Military towers is preserved in many Caucasian republics. They are in remote areas of Dagestan, they are collected almost again in Chechnya, they are proud of in North Ossetia and Georgian Svaneti. But only in Jeirakh district of Ingushetia have Targonsky the basin in which all sides are piled real tower of the city, and some “skyscrapers” reach the height of a modern ten-storied house. And these stone villages still continue to live. On the weekends here come the lowland Ingush — to have a picnic near the family tower of his family and to tidy up the ancient stones. Summer wrestlers from around the world gather in the valley for the tournament “Battle in the mountains”. Shepherds lead the flock trails blazed by their ancestors. Almost every mountaineer invites travellers to visit for tea. But don’t believe them. Actually, instead of tea waiting for you a complete meal with a whole mountain of local dishes and a long leisurely conversations about life. A pair of these “cups of tea” — and a full belly is already thoroughly prevents mountain climbing. But to retreat when in front of towering proud ledged roof, impossible.

Finally, all the obstacles behind. Before us is a tower complex, a real medieval castle, with all the usual attributes: high stone walls, narrow staircases and even an analogue aerial lift bridge.

On the ground floor a wide residential tower (gala) kept cattle. On the second — staged home. The pagans believed that the fire is inhabited by the souls of the dead, Continue reading

The most famous Gothic buildings in Moscow

It is believed that as such the medieval Gothic style in Russia was not, however, according to historians, the first Gothic elements in Russian architecture was used by Vasily Bazhenov in the construction of the Palace in Tsaritsyno. In Moscow and several other buildings with a recognizable Gothic elements. An overview of seven such structures lead “the Moscow news” .

The mansion of Savva Morozov, street Spiridonovka, 17

Built in 1898 by architect Shekhtel for millionaire and his new wife, literally stolen them from the nephew. The Gothic style building was designed to emphasize the close relationship Morozova with England, where he spent the years of study. Inside the mansion were decorated by Mikhail Vrubel, but to see the interior only on special tours of moskomnasledie. According to one version, three-sided window of the former Morozov mansion Margarita flew to the ball to Woland.

Pharmacy Ferraina, Nikolskaya ulitsa, 21

At the time, was the largest in Europe. From the street the facade is in neo-Baroque style and overlooking the courtyard part of the building looks like a real Gothic castle with a tower clock. This amazing appearance pharmacy came as a result of the restructuring of the old building at the end of the nineteenth century. The interiors of the pharmacy are also impressed: marble staircases, ceilings with moldings, huge Continue reading

The obelisk as a symbol

Menhir

Menhir — an oblong stone (Breton: men, men — a stone, er, hir — long), as if planted in the ground stone cult column in the form of the unfinished obelisk. Custom build stone structures various forms of folded roughly, often the imposing stone blocks, dominating primarily in the Northern regions of Western Europe since the Neolithic, of course, is associated with characteristic stone property — durability. (See Rock ). Having a naturally religious basis for the custom to erect “megalithic” (i.e., made of huge stones) structures were associated primarily with burial structures (in Brittany the dolmens in Northern Germany the megalithic burials), which probably should have provided a long blessed presence in the country deceased priests or the heroes. In the immediate vicinity of the dolmens are menhirs often, the symbolism and purpose are controversial. On the one hand, they are interpreted as phallic monuments (see Ling ), contributing to ensure continued fertility, or fertility, and on the other, antologi considered them more places to shower, being in which the soul buried in large stone tombs were supposed to protect the country. Other explanations may be the following: perhaps people have tried the most obvious way to note “Holy place” or sought to create a more solid column. denoting the earth’s axis, the cult post (see Continue reading

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Age structure of the population of the world The human age is the period from his birth to a particular measured point in his life. Because at different stages of…

Continue reading →