It is believed that as such the medieval Gothic style in Russia was not, however, according to historians, the first Gothic elements in Russian architecture was used by Vasily Bazhenov in the construction of the Palace in Tsaritsyno. In Moscow and several other buildings with a recognizable Gothic elements. An overview of seven such structures lead “the Moscow news” .
The mansion of Savva Morozov, street Spiridonovka, 17
Built in 1898 by architect Shekhtel for millionaire and his new wife, literally stolen them from the nephew. The Gothic style building was designed to emphasize the close relationship Morozova with England, where he spent the years of study. Inside the mansion were decorated by Mikhail Vrubel, but to see the interior only on special tours of moskomnasledie. According to one version, three-sided window of the former Morozov mansion Margarita flew to the ball to Woland.
Pharmacy Ferraina, Nikolskaya ulitsa, 21
At the time, was the largest in Europe. From the street the facade is in neo-Baroque style and overlooking the courtyard part of the building looks like a real Gothic castle with a tower clock. This amazing appearance pharmacy came as a result of the restructuring of the old building at the end of the nineteenth century. The interiors of the pharmacy are also impressed: marble staircases, ceilings with moldings, huge Continue reading
CYCLOPEAN MASONRY — masonry with giant blocks of stone, characteristic of the architectural structures of antiquity. Under many later believed such buildings were created by the legendary Cyclops. Often kvadra stone no bond, and the stability of the entire structure is achieved only by the force of their gravity. One of the most famous examples of the so-called Lion gate at Mycenae, built in 14-13 centuries BC.
Barrel VAULT — a vault, having in transverse vertical section form of a semicircle, in the longitudinal — straight line, C. S. based on parallel supports (walls, columns, colonnade, arcade). C. S. originated in the deep of the trees to bear (IV — III Millennium B. C.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt Crossed C. C. form groin
The ENGRAVER’s (from zinc and Greek. grapho — write, draw) — the production of relief forms for relief printing from zinc by means of chemical and photos mechanical processes. For the engraving zinc drawing done on the Board acid-resistant paints, then unpainted parts of zinc deeply poisoned by the acids, while the graphic does not clearly and distinctly stand out on the plate, forming the printing plates With line etching, a drawing, a solution of asphalt on a plate of zinc or drawing with ink or chalk (the opposing acid) transferred with the glue-coated paper, soaking the paper attached to the face plate, the adhesive dissolves, Continue reading
Lesson purpose: Acquaintance of students with features of art and architecture of medieval Europe.
Objectives of the lesson:
To introduce the concepts of “stained glass”, “Gothic”, “box-rose”, “portal”;
Shaping children’s ideas about the diversity of artistic cultures of the peoples of the earth.
To develop the ability to reason, to analyze; the ability to work together, keeping the spirit of co-creation;
To raise cognitive interest, interest in the subject.
Tutorial on fine art: A. L. Nemsky “Every nation – artist”,
– V. I. Kolyakin “Methods of studying collective creativity”, Vlados, 2002.
Equipment: PC, screen, projector, Board, textbook, “Every nation – artist”, visual AIDS on the subject, children’s past works.
1.Organizational moment. (2 – 3 min)
The message of the theme and goals of the lesson.
– The guys you love to travel? (Yes!).
Today the time machine will take us 700 years ago in medieval city.
(Slide 2). What would you like to know, once in a medieval city?
(About everything, about people, about architecture, etc.)
– Then listen and watch.
2.Explanation of new material. (15 min)
In front of you at the desks are dictionaries, in which during the lesson we will write down unfamiliar words. ( Architecture, Cathedral, Gothic, portal, window, rose, stained glass ).
(Slide Continue reading