The architecture and sculpture of Crete
Aegean culture – historical community of the cultures of the peoples who inhabited from the beginning of the third Millennium BC the Aegean shores: the Balkans, the Peninsula of Asia Minor and adjacent Islands – the Cyclades, largest island in the Aegean sea – Crete. A great civilization that flourished in these places, died in the mid to late second Millennium BC, when the Greek civilization is still in its infancy. Greatest cities of the Aegean world – Tiryns, Mycenae, Knossos, Phaistos, finally, the legendary Troy so many times mentioned in Greek myths and legends, it seems that the radicals received a classical education, knows them all, or almost all, but in fact until the seventies of the last century Europeans did not know where exactly were these cities, and believed that the myths are wonderful cautionary tales with entertaining intrigue and deep philosophical meaning, an inexhaustible mine of subjects for all arts for all ages.
Only in the 70-ies of the nineteenth century an amazing person, an Amateur in archeology, but piously believed that Homer described the real course of events, the German Heinrich Schliemann, after a desperate attempt to find Homeric Troy, proved that Troy existed. In Turkey, on a hill, Hisarlik, guided only by the descriptions of Homer and other ancient authors, he found the ruins of the legendary city, who died in a fire. It was Continue reading
Prehistoric miracle or how to begin the history of architecture
Tess d’Erbervill killed her seducer. She runs to Angel Clare. The clouds seemed to be hovering over his head, it was dark. In the dark, they nearly ran into some giant structure. Single colonies were completely alone, others were connected with stone slabs, and the majority was on the ground.
Thomas Hardy led the heroes of his famous novel to the ruins of Stonehenge – an ancient mysterious buildings, located not far from London.
Traveling letom 1882 in Brittany, Maupassant saw a field dotted with stones of Karnak. The stones seemed to be alive, “the giant, the tiny, square, oblong, flat, like skinny or big-bellied body. Among them are lost.” This is also a mysterious constructions of the Stone Age, only in France.
Megaliths (translated as “big rocks” or, more precisely, “the construction of large stones”) are scattered over a huge area of our planet, all over the world except Australia. They can be seen in England, France, Denmark, Spain, Greece, Asia Minor, Palestine, East and North Africa, India, Indonesia, Laos, Burma, China, Korea and Japan. They are found mainly in the coastal areas. They can be seen in the Caucasus, in Abkhazia. Once they have been widely distributed in the Kuban. They were erected in the time of the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age, in the III – II millennium BC, in some Continue reading
CYCLOPEAN MASONRY — masonry with giant blocks of stone, characteristic of the architectural structures of antiquity. Under many later believed such buildings were created by the legendary Cyclops. Often kvadra stone no bond, and the stability of the entire structure is achieved only by the force of their gravity. One of the most famous examples of the so-called Lion gate at Mycenae, built in 14-13 centuries BC.
Barrel VAULT — a vault, having in transverse vertical section form of a semicircle, in the longitudinal — straight line, C. S. based on parallel supports (walls, columns, colonnade, arcade). C. S. originated in the deep of the trees to bear (IV — III Millennium B. C.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt Crossed C. C. form groin
The ENGRAVER’s (from zinc and Greek. grapho — write, draw) — the production of relief forms for relief printing from zinc by means of chemical and photos mechanical processes. For the engraving zinc drawing done on the Board acid-resistant paints, then unpainted parts of zinc deeply poisoned by the acids, while the graphic does not clearly and distinctly stand out on the plate, forming the printing plates With line etching, a drawing, a solution of asphalt on a plate of zinc or drawing with ink or chalk (the opposing acid) transferred with the glue-coated paper, soaking the paper attached to the face plate, the adhesive dissolves, Continue reading