Megaliths are prevalent worldwide mainly in coastal areas. In Europe they mostly date back to the Eneolithic and bronze age (3rd — 2nd Millennium BC), with the exception of the British Isles. Portugal and France. where megaliths belong to the Neolithic period (for example, Carrowmore in Ireland. Almendres in Portugal, Barnen in Brittany and Buganski necropolis in the Department of Poitou — Charentes. France). Megalithic monuments are especially numerous and diverse in Brittany. Also a large number of megaliths found on the Mediterranean coast of Spain. in Portugal. part of France. on the West coast of England, in Ireland. Denmark. on the southern coast of Sweden and in Israel. In the early twentieth century it was widely believed that all megaliths belonged to one global megalithic culture. but modern research and Dating methods disprove this assumption.
The most common megalithic structure in Europe — the dolmen is a chamber or vault standing upright hewn monoliths, on which rests one or more large flat stones that make up the “roof”. Many of them, though not all, contain the remains of people buried inside. If the main purpose of burial buildings, or humans were sacrificed, was buried in in connection with the execution of Continue reading
The largest facilities in the world
Mysterious plate Baalbek
The largest Roman temple ever built is in ruins, but not in Greece or Rome, and in the ancient city of Baalbek, Lebanon (the city of Baal).
The great temple of Jupiter is part of a temple complex.
Matter of the elements of the structure: huge and very heavy-plate platform twenty meters marble columns, carved out of an unknown that way. It seems that the construction work or apply the magic of the giants.
The temple was destroyed during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius.
Despite its beauty, the ruins of Baalbek is rarely visited by tourists over the past decades due to the war, so this is a magnificent place to avoid strong looting.
Nobody knows what made this place so special to the Romans, which prompted them to build such a huge structure.
Easter Island also known as Rapa Nui and Isla de Pascua, is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific. He became known for his monumental statues that were created by the Rapanui people.
The statues, called moai so, were part of the cult of ancestor worship settlers of the island and were built between 1250 and 1500 BC
The heaviest statue weighs about 86 tons and argues that such work was a real Continue reading
(from the Mega. and Greek líthos stone) – buildings made of large blocks of wild or roughly processed stone. These include Dolmens, Menhirs, Cromlechs, Stone boxes, covered galleries. M. widespread throughout the world except Australia, mainly in coastal areas. M. in Europe mostly date from the Eneolithic and bronze age (3-2 Millennium BC), with the exception of England, where M belong to the Neolithic period. The appointment of M. it is not always possible to install. Mostly they were used for burials or were connected with funerary cult. Apparently, M. community structure. Their construction was primitive technology huge challenge and required combining large masses of people.
Menhir (Bretons. menhir, men — stone and hir — long) simplest type of megalithic structures (consisting of a single block of stone, dug into the ground. M reach the height of 4-5 m or more (the largest M height 20 m weighs about 300 tons, is in France). Sometimes M. are long alleys or arranged in a ring. Apparently, M. had a religious significance. Most Meters in North-Western Europe, are also found in Asia and Africa. On the territory of the USSR, disseminated in some regions of Siberia and the Caucasus.
Dolmen Continue reading