Material culture of Egypt
Material culture of Egypt
From architectural structures of Ancient Egypt were very much and almost nothing. Very much – because the country had large reserves of good building stone, and the Egyptians learned how to perfectly handle it. Very little because of stone they just erected the buildings, had some relation to eternity. However, when individual archeological excavations of ancient Egyptian settlements have managed to restore the General layout and to reconstruct individual houses, which gives an idea about relatively simple construction technique. caisson metal price PI Molchanov, about the price, offer the following prices on metal caissons
A different picture emerges by studying monuments of monumental architecture of Ancient Egypt. Colossal stone structures carved in the rock or stacked on a flat building sites away from the quarries, are perfect examples of engineering and artistic thought.
Drevneegipetskaja the highest achievements of architecture – temples, Royal palaces and tombs of the nobles. They relate to different periods of Ancient Egyptian history, and each period has its own unique features.
The burial monument is the oldest area of application of the forces of the Egyptian architects. Originally the tombs of noble people represented a space carved in the thickness of the rock or dug in the ground and reinforced the inside with stone walls. These burial-scale start narrow corridor, at an angle leading into the dungeon – the actual burial chamber with one, rarely with two or three rooms. In these rooms housed the coffin with the body of the deceased and things that could need him in the afterlife. Above the entrance to the tomb was closed with a low, flat plate (hence the name).
Mastaba is the prototype of the pyramids. When archaeologists and historians have infiltrated the pyramid, long ago looted by the unknown treasure hunters, and made a plan of the dungeons, it was found that the construction of burial chambers is the same as in the mastabas of the earlier period. In architectural terms, pyramids are interesting not for its underground corridors, as a rule, devoid of the intricacy.
The pyramid tombs of the pharaohs of the old Kingdom, is really the most ancient samples of the architectural creativity of the ancient Egyptians, have survived to the present day. From an architectural point of view, perhaps more than other the first Egyptians built the pyramids is relatively low step pyramid of Djoser , the Pharaoh of the III dynasty. A true masterpiece of ancient Egyptian architecture is not so much the pyramid itself, how much the entire funeral complex, the remains of which still can be seen beside the pyramid near the city of Saqqara.
Funerary complex of Djoser, designed and built by a relative and Supreme Advisor to the Pharaoh Imhotep, consists of the step pyramid, beneath which is the burial chamber, and several smaller temples and religious buildings, United by a common wall. In terms of this huge mausoleum complex is a rectangle. Modern reconstruction has allowed to reconstruct the layout of this masterpiece of ancient architecture, in which all the buildings complement one another and create the perfect ensemble.
Striking and artistic aspect of this burial complex. Exterior and interior structural elements of buildings treated “wood”. Stone lintels and beams, stone columns inside the buildings repeat not only the appearance but also the proportions inherent in the wooden elements. Glazed tiles, which was covered in part of the areas painted as well as woven mats decorating the walls of conventional houses of the Egyptians.