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The most famous Gothic buildings in Moscow

It is believed that as such the medieval Gothic style in Russia was not, however, according to historians, the first Gothic elements in Russian architecture was used by Vasily Bazhenov in the construction of the Palace in Tsaritsyno. In Moscow and several other buildings with a recognizable Gothic elements. An overview of seven such structures lead “the Moscow news” .

The mansion of Savva Morozov, street Spiridonovka, 17

Built in 1898 by architect Shekhtel for millionaire and his new wife, literally stolen them from the nephew. The Gothic style building was designed to emphasize the close relationship Morozova with England, where he spent the years of study. Inside the mansion were decorated by Mikhail Vrubel, but to see the interior only on special tours of moskomnasledie. According to one version, three-sided window of the former Morozov mansion Margarita flew to the ball to Woland.

Pharmacy Ferraina, Nikolskaya ulitsa, 21

At the time, was the largest in Europe. From the street the facade is in neo-Baroque style and overlooking the courtyard part of the building looks like a real Gothic castle with a tower clock. This amazing appearance pharmacy came as a result of the restructuring of the old building at the end of the nineteenth century. The interiors of the pharmacy are also impressed: marble staircases, ceilings with moldings, huge Continue reading

Cologne Cathedral

The cathedral was designed by the devil

The idea of ​​the cathedral of Cologne was so huge, that his first architect Gerhard von Riehl got a deadlock: how to implement it, how to implement such a great creation. And then came to the rescue, no, not God, but rather, the enemy of mankind. There is a widespread legend that the devil in exchange for the soul of the architect’s drawings required. But his wife was saved by her beloved husband: she got up early in the morning and the rooster crowed instead. The devil was such a simpleton that deception does not recognize under the contract, and was handed over to her drawings. Now Gerhard could be made to work, and he began working on the drawings of the devil, the soul of his wife had been ruined forever. However, Satan has not calmed down, and then he promised that as soon as the construction of the cathedral, the world will perish.

Whether to diabolical prophecy fulfilled, whether for objective reasons, but the construction was delayed for more than 600 years, and more precisely on the 632 years and 2 months. Only October 15, 1880 the grand opening of the temple. However, to this day on the steeple and walls of the cathedral can be seen scaffolding. The restoration work is constantly underway. So the end of the world we are not yet safe. But seriously, otherwise it can not be. Cologne Cathedral was included in UNESCO World Heritage List in 1996 still. In 2004, he was on the list Continue reading

The obelisk as a symbol

Menhir

Menhir — an oblong stone (Breton: men, men — a stone, er, hir — long), as if planted in the ground stone cult column in the form of the unfinished obelisk. Custom build stone structures various forms of folded roughly, often the imposing stone blocks, dominating primarily in the Northern regions of Western Europe since the Neolithic, of course, is associated with characteristic stone property — durability. (See Rock ). Having a naturally religious basis for the custom to erect “megalithic” (i.e., made of huge stones) structures were associated primarily with burial structures (in Brittany the dolmens in Northern Germany the megalithic burials), which probably should have provided a long blessed presence in the country deceased priests or the heroes. In the immediate vicinity of the dolmens are menhirs often, the symbolism and purpose are controversial. On the one hand, they are interpreted as phallic monuments (see Ling ), contributing to ensure continued fertility, or fertility, and on the other, antologi considered them more places to shower, being in which the soul buried in large stone tombs were supposed to protect the country. Other explanations may be the following: perhaps people have tried the most obvious way to note “Holy place” or sought to create a more solid column. denoting the earth’s axis, the cult post (see Continue reading

The architecture and sculpture of Crete

The architecture and sculpture of Crete

Aegean culture – historical community of the cultures of the peoples who inhabited from the beginning of the third Millennium BC the Aegean shores: the Balkans, the Peninsula of Asia Minor and adjacent Islands – the Cyclades, largest island in the Aegean sea – Crete. A great civilization that flourished in these places, died in the mid to late second Millennium BC, when the Greek civilization is still in its infancy. Greatest cities of the Aegean world – Tiryns, Mycenae, Knossos, Phaistos, finally, the legendary Troy so many times mentioned in Greek myths and legends, it seems that the radicals received a classical education, knows them all, or almost all, but in fact until the seventies of the last century Europeans did not know where exactly were these cities, and believed that the myths are wonderful cautionary tales with entertaining intrigue and deep philosophical meaning, an inexhaustible mine of subjects for all arts for all ages.

Only in the 70-ies of the nineteenth century an amazing person, an Amateur in archeology, but piously believed that Homer described the real course of events, the German Heinrich Schliemann, after a desperate attempt to find Homeric Troy, proved that Troy existed. In Turkey, on a hill, Hisarlik, guided only by the descriptions of Homer and other ancient authors, he found the ruins of the legendary city, who died in a fire. It was Continue reading

The temples in Bangkok

Other Temples in Bangkok

In addition to the popular and world-famous temples of Bangkok, the city still has many of the interesting places of worship that most guides fail to mention.

Wat Benchamabopit (the Marble temple)

Wat Benchamabophit (Wat Benchamabophit) is one of the most beautiful and popular monasteries of Bangkok, being at the same time and most modern city temple. It was designed by the son of Rama IV and was built during the reign of Rama V, during the second half of the XIX century, made of marble, which is not very characteristic of Thai construction.

Construction began in 1901 during the reign of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V). For the construction of ubosot Scotism in style, with three-tiered roof was used white Carrara marble for a lot of money delivered from Italy. The building combines both Thai and European features.

In the courtyard of the temple, there are more than 50 Buddha statues, which resemble the famous statues from various countries and provinces. In the main hall stored the ashes of King Chulalongkorn.

In the Park of the monastery, in the pool, live the sacred turtle – symbol of longevity, while in the channel flowing through the temple grounds, is home to the giant catfish is a sacred fish.

If you exit the Temple and visit the channel, you will see a small platform with the drums is an ancient type of hours. The monks responsible for the time, Continue reading

Cologne Cathedral
The cathedral was designed by the devil The idea of ​​the cathedral of Cologne was so huge, that his first architect Gerhard von Riehl got a deadlock: how to implement…

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Reims Cathedral
Reims Cathedral is a masterpiece of French Gothic In the heart of the province of France champagne is a masterpiece of Gothic architecture – Reims Cathedral ( Cathédrale Notre-Dame de…

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Material culture of Egypt
Material culture of Egypt From architectural structures of Ancient Egypt were very much and almost nothing. Very much – because the country had large reserves of good building stone, and…

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