Prehistoric miracle or how to begin the history of architecture
Tess d’Erbervill killed her seducer. She runs to Angel Clare. The clouds seemed to be hovering over his head, it was dark. In the dark, they nearly ran into some giant structure. Single colonies were completely alone, others were connected with stone slabs, and the majority was on the ground.
Thomas Hardy led the heroes of his famous novel to the ruins of Stonehenge – an ancient mysterious buildings, located not far from London.
Traveling letom 1882 in Brittany, Maupassant saw a field dotted with stones of Karnak. The stones seemed to be alive, “the giant, the tiny, square, oblong, flat, like skinny or big-bellied body. Among them are lost.” This is also a mysterious constructions of the Stone Age, only in France.
Megaliths (translated as “big rocks” or, more precisely, “the construction of large stones”) are scattered over a huge area of our planet, all over the world except Australia. They can be seen in England, France, Denmark, Spain, Greece, Asia Minor, Palestine, East and North Africa, India, Indonesia, Laos, Burma, China, Korea and Japan. They are found mainly in the coastal areas. They can be seen in the Caucasus, in Abkhazia. Once they have been widely distributed in the Kuban. They were erected in the time of the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age, in the III – II millennium BC, in some Continue reading
CYCLOPEAN MASONRY — masonry with giant blocks of stone, characteristic of the architectural structures of antiquity. Under many later believed such buildings were created by the legendary Cyclops. Often kvadra stone no bond, and the stability of the entire structure is achieved only by the force of their gravity. One of the most famous examples of the so-called Lion gate at Mycenae, built in 14-13 centuries BC.
Barrel VAULT — a vault, having in transverse vertical section form of a semicircle, in the longitudinal — straight line, C. S. based on parallel supports (walls, columns, colonnade, arcade). C. S. originated in the deep of the trees to bear (IV — III Millennium B. C.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt Crossed C. C. form groin
The ENGRAVER’s (from zinc and Greek. grapho — write, draw) — the production of relief forms for relief printing from zinc by means of chemical and photos mechanical processes. For the engraving zinc drawing done on the Board acid-resistant paints, then unpainted parts of zinc deeply poisoned by the acids, while the graphic does not clearly and distinctly stand out on the plate, forming the printing plates With line etching, a drawing, a solution of asphalt on a plate of zinc or drawing with ink or chalk (the opposing acid) transferred with the glue-coated paper, soaking the paper attached to the face plate, the adhesive dissolves, Continue reading
Age structure of the population of the world
The human age is the period from his birth to a particular measured point in his life. Because at different stages of their life perform different economic, social and demographic features, in demography adopted different classifications (groups) ages – as more detailed and more generalized. The number of fractional classifications belongs, for example, the following
DYNAMICS OF AGE STRUCTURE OF THE POPULATION OF THE WORLD
In fact, such a classification and is the basis for the allocation and calculation of human contingents that are related to preschool, school, marriage, recruiting, election, reservist, reproductive (all over the world women of this age are more than 1.5 billion), working age, pension and other ages. Of particular importance among these categories is the division of people into three groups: dorogobuzova (gorbachevo), working (working) and posleprodazhnogo (after their work) ages. The boundaries between them can be performed in different ways. For example, in Russia, persons working age includes men aged 16 to 59 and women aged 16 to 54 years (inclusive), and in most foreign countries consider able-bodied men and women aged from 16 to 65 years.
Accordingly Continue reading
8 ancient places of Egypt which are must see
Once a huge and powerful civilization of Egypt has preserved many ancient, awe inspiring, and awe. The fact that all these sites, structures and buildings were constructed many centuries ago, but some incredibly fantastic way of using basic tools makes them even more striking. Did ancient Egyptians knew something I didn’t know even the modern architects with their latest inventions and techniques?
Let’s embark on a virtual journey through the most incredible and amazing places of Egypt, which survived for many centuries and to this day amaze and delight the eyes of locals and millions of tourists.
1. The Giza Necropolis
Pyramids are not only one of the most symbolic and recognizable places of Egypt and the last remaining on earth a Miracle of the Ancient World. Located not too far from the capital of Egypt, Cairo, the pyramids of Giza are one of the most visited attractions in the world, though there are only 3 of the 138 that exist across the country. But among them is one, the highest pyramid of Egypt, the great Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu), also known as the Great Pyramid, 140 meters in height. It is anticipated that the construction of the pyramid of Cheops is not only the Continue reading
The largest facilities in the world
Mysterious plate Baalbek
The largest Roman temple ever built is in ruins, but not in Greece or Rome, and in the ancient city of Baalbek, Lebanon (the city of Baal).
The great temple of Jupiter is part of a temple complex.
Matter of the elements of the structure: huge and very heavy-plate platform twenty meters marble columns, carved out of an unknown that way. It seems that the construction work or apply the magic of the giants.
The temple was destroyed during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius.
Despite its beauty, the ruins of Baalbek is rarely visited by tourists over the past decades due to the war, so this is a magnificent place to avoid strong looting.
Nobody knows what made this place so special to the Romans, which prompted them to build such a huge structure.
Easter Island also known as Rapa Nui and Isla de Pascua, is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific. He became known for his monumental statues that were created by the Rapanui people.
The statues, called moai so, were part of the cult of ancestor worship settlers of the island and were built between 1250 and 1500 BC
The heaviest statue weighs about 86 tons and argues that such work was a real Continue reading