GOTHIC, Gothic and neo-Gothic
The violla-Le-Duc (Viollet-le-Duc) eugène Emmanuel (27.1.1814, Paris, – 17.9.1879, Lausanne, Switzerland), French architect, historian and theorist of architecture. Restored a number of French Gothic cathedrals (including Notre Dame de Paris, 1845, together with J. B. Lasso), the fortifications of Carcassonne, the castle of Pierrefonds and others In historical and theoretical writings (“the Explanatory dictionary of French architecture”, 10 vols. 1854-68; “Conversations on architecture”, 2 vols. 1858-72, Rus. lane 1937-38; “Russian art”, 1877, eng. lane 1879) V. sought to identify General patterns of architecture (including the conditionality of the form design), the originality of its national schools, the nature of medieval art, the constructive achievements of Gothic architecture, the study of which stimulated the development of skeletal structures.
(from the Mega. and Greek líthos stone) – buildings made of large blocks of wild or roughly processed stone. These include Dolmens, Menhirs, Cromlechs, Stone boxes, covered galleries. M. widespread throughout the world except Australia, mainly in coastal areas. M. in Europe mostly date from the Eneolithic and bronze age (3-2 Millennium BC), with the exception of England, where M belong to the Neolithic period. The appointment of M. it is not always possible to install. Mostly they were used for burials or were connected with funerary cult. Apparently, M. community structure. Their construction was primitive technology huge challenge and required combining large masses of people.
Menhir (Bretons. menhir, men — stone and hir — long) simplest type of megalithic structures (consisting of a single block of stone, dug into the ground. M reach the height of 4-5 m or more (the largest M height 20 m weighs about 300 tons, is in France). Sometimes M. are long alleys or arranged in a ring. Apparently, M. had a religious significance. Most Meters in North-Western Europe, are also found in Asia and Africa. On the territory of the USSR, disseminated in some regions of Siberia and the Caucasus.
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In the North Caucasus revealed the ancient structure, comparable in scale with the pyramids of Giza.
We used to think that the main megaliths on the planet is concentrated in Egypt, South America, China. Our dolmens, which are conventionally referred to megalithic structures, pyramids and “great walls” look like dwarfs. But recently in the North Caucasus had discovered the mysterious system of underground structures. So, in Kabardino-Balkaria near the village Zayukovo opened a mysterious multi-kilometer tunnels. The researchers suggest that they connected ancient settlements that existed on our planet thousands of years ago. It is curious that all the tunnels are concentrated around a huge underground structure in the form of an upturned pyramid…
“For many years we have been searching for, went to the place of the alleged dungeon, listened to old-timers, — says the head of the all-Russian public research Association “Kosmopoisk” Vadim Chernobrov. — And last fall moved to a place where, according to the stories of elders, is the Old Town. This is not allegory, but a literal translation from the vernacular. Old timers say that it was built by the people who lived here Continue reading
Nicholas Cathedral in Kiev. The Catholic Church and the national house of organ and chamber music in the same building
The first impression of an architectural work may be associated with the fact that You have moved in space and time. The building of the Gothic style in the business center of Kiev – not a common occurrence… Unusual forms of construction solutions instantly attracts attention. Maybe You have a speculation that this is the castle, the temple, or, for example, a theater… What is it actually? We will talk further.
The history of the Church of St. Nicholas has lasted for more than a century. The opening and lighting of the Cathedral took place in 1909. The construction lasted 10 years. 3D layout of the Roman-Catholic Church of St. Nicholas
By the end of the NINETEENTH century the Polish community of Kyiv has increased to approximately 40 thousand people. Alexander’s Church, built earlier, it could not hold on main religious holidays, you need a number of believers. The Polish nobility have a desire to build a second Church in Kiev. Despite the lack of support from the tsarist Russia, the Polish community managed to convince the governors to implement it. Was collected, at that time, a huge amount of donations of $ 500 thousand. Project competition winner was a young architect S. V. Valovsky. Continue reading
The Gothic quarter
The Gothic quarter is the heart of old Barcelona. It consists of the close medieval streets, mansions of the Catalan nobility, Church and merchants ‘ houses. Emerged on the ruins of Roman buildings, Barri Gotic is the true gem of the Mediterranean metropolis.
Better acquainted with the attractions of the Gothic quarter. And draw a walking route with the following checkpoints:
The Plaça Sant Jaume
The Museum Frederic Mares
Roman columns and the Jewish quarter
Map of the Gothic quarter
Otherwise – the Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia, or Catedral. The best place to start the walk through the Gothic quarter.
The beginning of construction dates back to the year 1298, and the last stone in the décor of the façade was carefully laid in the nineteenth century. But the Gothic masterpiece is worth your time and money.
Everyone who understands the architecture of the viewer will notice the dissonance between the luxury of the facade-remake and asceticism of the ancient octagonal towers.
The design is to allocate a nave and Gothic choir with ornate finials. They are decorated with emblems and symbols of famous European Royal families.
Gothic Continue reading