The great wall of China
If you haven’t heard about the great wall, then perhaps you live in a different world, because this building survived for millennia on hearing almost every first man on Earth, it is no wonder it is called one of the seven wonders of the world. Just imagine how much time and energy went into the construction of the great wall. Thus, in this version, she really left and continues to be great, affecting the minds of tourists and instilling pride in those who honor the work of their ancestors. However, despite the high importance and attractiveness for tourists now, the story of building the great wall of China at some point, is tragic enough.
The history of the erection
The construction of the wall began in the 4th century BC around the same time as 4 Chinese kingdoms, who needed protection from potential barbarians. Fearing the expansion of the Chinese people, the walls began to build large kingdoms of Qin, Wei, Yan and Zhao. During this period, some pieces of walls were gradually fused together and ultimately merged into one coherent and powerful state, protected by a huge, impenetrable wall. It raised the level of protection of the kingdoms to unprecedented heights, and before the eyes of the invaders appeared, the will of the Chinese people to freedom. It happened when the country was ruled by Qin Shi Huangdi – one Continue reading
In the second Millennium BC after the city’s Indo-Gangetic plain are in decline, highly developed and standardized art, the basis of which was a brick, gave way to the Vedic period with its nameless pastoral settlements, built of clay, cane, bambalacha and other species of trees growing in the valleys of the rivers Saraswati and Ganga. Although we do not have samples of structures of the Vedic period, it is possible to judge according to the works of Buddhist sculptors. They were often depicted some episodes of the life of the Buddha in the architectural masonry of this period.
Borobudur and Prambanan temples of Indonesia
Borobudur – Buddhist stupa and associated temple complex tradition of Mahayana Buddhism. It is the largest Buddhist monument on Earth. Borobudur is located on the island of Java in Indonesia Central Java province, 40 km Northwest of Yogyakarta. The name may derive from the Sanskrit “Vihara Buddha Ur”, which translates to “a Buddhist temple on the mountain”. Borobudur is built as a huge stupa, which is made in the shape of a giant mandala. The Foundation of the stupa square with a side of 118 m. At the stupa there are eight tiers, five lower – square, and top three – round. This mandala Continue reading
Park Kremlin period
In the Kremlin in the coming months will decide the 14-th building, located between the Spassky gates and the Senate Palace. The building of the Soviet period is not included in the register of monuments, and, according to experts, architectural value is not. The vacant place is scheduled to make an archaeological Park or to recreate the buildings of the two monasteries destroyed at the turn of the 20-30-ies of the last century. The oldest of them – miracles – was founded 650 years ago.
The administration of the President of the Russian Federation has extended the message in which, in particular, reads: “pursuant to the instructions of Russian President Vladimir Putin, announced in July last year, the Office of the President of the Russian Federation after carrying out all necessary preparatory work, calculations and consultations, including with representatives of the Ministry of culture of Russian Federation, Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences and the Russian Commission for UNESCO, made the decision to dismantle the 14th corps”.
We will remind: in the summer of last year Vladimir Putin in the Kremlin hosted a meeting with Moscow mayor Sergei Sobyanin, the commandant of the Kremlin Sergei Khlebnikov, the rector of Moscow architectural Institute Dmitry Shvidkovsky, and the Deputy Director of Moscow Kremlin Museums Andrei Batalov.
The conversation was about the plans of the Kremlin. Given that the reconstruction of the 14th corps was at an impasse due to severe technical state of the building, the head of state proposed to take the house apart to have an opportunity to recover Continue reading
The mysterious brick building in Kiev
Strange buildings – the people called their round towers – appeared during the reign of Emperor Nicholas I as objects constructed when the Kiev fortress. Although encyclopedic dictionary “Kiev”, published in 1982, claims that the round tower is only one, in fact six of them.
Tower was built in the heart of the Vasilkovsky fortifications (now Shchors street, 38). Its construction began in 1831 and lasted 6 years. Wall with a gate appeared a little later – in 1838–1839.
The tower was originally two-storey and was intended for the officer’s barracks. It housed the Kiev provincial garrison battalion. However, since 1839 th it was used as a military hospital, and later served as a prison. However, over time she once again became a barracks.
In 1897, on the external facades of the tower cut through the window and over part of the building was built on the third floor. From 1898 th here were stationed the 168th infantry Mirgorod regiment. In 1913 he passed military service member Andrey Eremenko – the future Marshal of the Soviet Union. It is here, within the walls of the tower No. 1, a talented military leader began his military career.
In the summer of 1918 in tower No. 1 is a 4th Sarducci guards regiment of the Hetman Pavlo Skoropadskiy. One of the officers of this regiment, Mikola Yanchevskii, two years later became the General-the cornet of the UPR army. In Soviet times, in the tower Continue reading
The most mysterious ancient buildings
We still can not comprehend some of the mysteries left by the ancestors. Such mysteries include the mystical ancient buildings, which we describe. The pyramids of Giza are the youngest and the most studied of this series.
The stone circles of Göbekli Tepe, Turkey
Gobekli Tepe is one of the oldest structures in the world. His age is about 12,000 years old! It was once believed that the most ancient and advanced civilization – Egyptian, but a temple complex in Turkey that makes us look at history with different eyes. It is unknown as 12 thousand years ago, people who did not know the wheel, could build such amazing buildings. This makes Göbekli Tepe one of the most important archaeological finds in the world.
Gobekli Tepe is a Neolithic temples in the form of stone circles, lying on the top of the ridge. They are composed of well-polished and fitted stones. Circles reach 30 meters in diameter, and within each of them is T-shaped sculpture, on which you can see carved in stone images of animals and birds. The existence of this amazing building was known in the 1960s, however, archaeologists began to conduct more rigorous research only in 1994.
Near the Neolithic temples Continue reading