Park Kremlin period
Park Kremlin period
In the Kremlin in the coming months will decide the 14-th building, located between the Spassky gates and the Senate Palace. The building of the Soviet period is not included in the register of monuments, and, according to experts, architectural value is not. The vacant place is scheduled to make an archaeological Park or to recreate the buildings of the two monasteries destroyed at the turn of the 20-30-ies of the last century. The oldest of them – miracles – was founded 650 years ago.
The administration of the President of the Russian Federation has extended the message in which, in particular, reads: “pursuant to the instructions of Russian President Vladimir Putin, announced in July last year, the Office of the President of the Russian Federation after carrying out all necessary preparatory work, calculations and consultations, including with representatives of the Ministry of culture of Russian Federation, Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences and the Russian Commission for UNESCO, made the decision to dismantle the 14th corps”.
We will remind: in the summer of last year Vladimir Putin in the Kremlin hosted a meeting with Moscow mayor Sergei Sobyanin, the commandant of the Kremlin Sergei Khlebnikov, the rector of Moscow architectural Institute Dmitry Shvidkovsky, and the Deputy Director of Moscow Kremlin Museums Andrei Batalov.
The conversation was about the plans of the Kremlin. Given that the reconstruction of the 14th corps was at an impasse due to severe technical state of the building, the head of state proposed to take the house apart to have an opportunity to recover here demolished during the Soviet regime the ensembles of two monasteries. The interlocutors Vladimir Putin supported this idea.
The Kremlin is a special place, so disassembly of the 14th corps will require with pinpoint accuracy, because any ground shaking can have a negative impact on nearby monuments and underground channel flow. It is planned that the vacated site will be the first to come scientists-archaeologists: the excavations in the Kremlin – a rarity, such works always promise a lot of valuable finds. Maybe they’ll even help to identify the real age of Moscow, according to renowned archaeologist Alexander Veksler.
The place where the planned dismantling works, has an interesting history. In 1365 the Holy Hierarch Alexy, Metropolitan of Moscow, founded the Chudov monastery – one of the first in our city. Then here was a wooden Church of the Miracle of the Archangel Michael. In 1501, on its place was built a stone Cathedral. The monastery was also Alekseevskaya Church, beginning with leading 1483, but many times since rebuilt. A monk of the Chudov monastery was Grigory otrepyev; within these walls died the Patriarch Hermogenes. In alekseevskoy Church baptized the future rulers of the country of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, the emperors Peter I and Alexander II.
Closer to the Spasskaya tower was ascension monastery, probably founded in the last quarter of the FOURTEENTH century. After a half century here was built a stone Cathedral of the ascension. It was repeatedly rebuilt in the following centuries. Undoubted architectural gem of the ascension monastery was the Church of St. Catherine – the only work of the great architect Carlo Rossi in Moscow (completed in 1817). Neo-Gothic appearance of the Church remained in the memory of many Muscovites of the older generation, he depicted in many paintings
Near the monasteries (closed in 1918) was also the Small Nikolaevsky Palace. The bottom two floors it is the work of Matvey Kazakov in 1775, the third floor – the superstructure of the epoch of Alexander I. at First, there lived the head of the Moscow diocese, and later the house entered the palatial office. Here was born the son of Nicholas I, the future Emperor Alexander II.
All these buildings were demolished in 1929-1930 by the decision of the commandant of the Kremlin. In their place in 1934 built in a neoclassical style building of the Military school named after the Central Executive Committee, however, after a year out of cadets was transferred to Lefortovo barracks. The 14th corps in different years he occupied the presidency of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, the Kremlin theatre, the Commandant of the Kremlin, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Since the beginning of 90-ies there was a presidential Administration. The official version says that the 14-th building was designed by the famous Ivan Rerberg is the author of buildings of the Kiev railway station and the Central Telegraph office in Moscow. However, recently the archives discovered evidence that the project of the Military school completed by Vladimir Apyshkov, a little-known architect, worked on the orders of the people’s Commissariat of defense (the finding reported “Keepers of heritage”). The dismantling of the 14th corps will significantly expand the territory of the Kremlin, are available to visitors and tourists. Perhaps, for their free passage finally open the Spassky gate.