The Gothic quarter in Barcelona

The Gothic quarter

The Gothic quarter is the heart of old Barcelona. It consists of the close medieval streets, mansions of the Catalan nobility, Church and merchants ‘ houses. Emerged on the ruins of Roman buildings, Barri Gotic is the true gem of the Mediterranean metropolis.

Better acquainted with the attractions of the Gothic quarter. And draw a walking route with the following checkpoints:

Cathedral

The Plaça Sant Jaume

Size King

The Museum Frederic Mares

Roman columns and the Jewish quarter

Square Pine

Map of the Gothic quarter

Cathedral

Otherwise – the Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia, or Catedral. The best place to start the walk through the Gothic quarter.

The beginning of construction dates back to the year 1298, and the last stone in the décor of the façade was carefully laid in the nineteenth century. But the Gothic masterpiece is worth your time and money.

Everyone who understands the architecture of the viewer will notice the dissonance between the luxury of the facade-remake and asceticism of the ancient octagonal towers.

The design is to allocate a nave and Gothic choir with ornate finials. They are decorated with emblems and symbols of famous European Royal families.

Gothic the quarter — Cathedral

The Cathedral is worth a visit if only to look at the tomb of St. Eulalia, to which you can descend the stairs behind the altar. This Martyr is the patron Saint of Barcelona, it is arranged in her honour the festival of Festa Major. Other presents in the Cathedral the tombs belong to the count Ramon Berenguer I and Countess Almodis – they had laid the first temple in this place.

Go to the Cathedral cloister (Claustre) and count the geese. There should be 13 – the number of full years Eulalia at the time of the martyrdom.

From the cloister you can go to the chapel of St. Lucia (Capella de Santa Llucia). From here interesting medieval tombstones and stone Crusader.

The Plaça Sant Jaume

The next object to explore – plaça Sant Jaume (plaça Sant Jaume). There are two buildings, which form a very harmonious, aesthetically designed pair. This Barcelona city hall (Casa de la Ciutat) and the Parliament of Catalonia (Palau de la Generalitat).

Gothic quarter — Barcelona city Council

Barcelona city hall has settled in this building in 1372. In those days the spacious Gothic hall “Council of hundred”, which included the most respected citizens, and solved immediate problems.

But more visually interesting the Palace of the Generalitat . in which sat the eternal antagonists of the municipality is a Catalan deputies.

The Gothic quarter is the Catalonia Parliament

Palau de la Generalitat was built in 1359. Its distinguishing feature is the luxurious facade of the chapel of St. George. Its pride is the inner courtyard in the style of classic Catalan Gothic.

Size King

On Carrer del Veguer you can get to the history Museum of Barcelona (MHCB), located on King square (Placa del Rei). The uniqueness of this building is that it was moved here piece by piece and then re-assembled.

The place was not chosen accidentally. In the cellars of the Museum are exhibited the remains of Roman buildings, ancient objects of work and life. But the main finding – an ancient Church, which was located where now stands the mansion of the Bishop (Palau Episcopal).

Dominating the square is the king’s Palace (Palau Reial Major). In fact, it consists of three buildings: the throne room, the chapel and tower.

The Gothic quarter is the Palace of the King

The throne room was built in 1359 on the orders of the Pen III. The building became known to the whole world in 1493, after all in it the Catholic kings Ferdinand and Isabella were honored returned from his first triumphant voyage of Columbus. Subsequently the hall was used as the premises for the court of the Inquisition. The condemned were executed on the square in front of the building.

The chapel of St. Agatha is interesting because there is a painting of “the Adoration of the Magi” one of the most talented Catalan artist Jaume Wget.

The Gothic quarter is the Palace of the King

The tower is called the “Marty ray” in honor of the Duke of Martina Humanist and is a perfect example of the Renaissance in the realm of the Gothic.

The Museum Frederic Mares

If you want a little break from historical dates and cumbersome architecture, go to the Frederic Mares Museum (Museu Frederic Mares) is a sculptor and collector.

Mares gave the city his unusual collection exhibited in the Museum. This vintage figurines used in rituals of sacrifice; and the Portuguese harness; and cast-iron keys, and enamel; and canes; and sewing machines. The most valuable exhibit – the case of the Mares, where he brought his findings.

Roman columns and the Jewish quarter

Go to Carrer del Paradis and locate the 4 columns of the Roman period. Once they were pillars for the temple of Augustus, and now have to try to see them, literally etched into the walls.

Gothic quarter — the Roman columns

Hint: columns are located behind the doors tour Desk (Centre Excursionista de Catalunya).

Next your path lies in the Jewish quarter . on Carrer del Call. Until the XV century there lived exclusively Jews, but the massacres and exactions by the rulers of Catalonia led to the exile of the people of Moses. Now in the vicinity of Carrer del Call there are numerous antique, book and gift shops. To learn about the history of quarter, to see the objects of everyday life of the Jews in the Information center the cal (Centre d Interpretacio del Call).

Square Pine

In the Gothic quarter, a place where tourists rarely get. It is three squares, one turns to another: Placa Sant Josep Oriol, plaça del Pi and Placeta del Pi.

Pi is warped “pine” (pine). For many centuries this tree is considered a symbol and decoration of the Placa del Pi. It is clear that periodically the plant is planted anew.

The dominant feature of the squares is the Church of Santa Maria del PI is a wonderful example of Catalan Gothic. It from afar you can see the octagonal bell tower and a huge box-outlet.

The Gothic quarter is the Church of Santa Maria del PI

And the rest of the building deserve attention. They are richly decorated with sgraffito and together with the Church form an authentic area of Barcelona, where you can walk, sit in cafes, to enjoy the performances of street artists.

 

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