The largest plants on Earth
The largest facilities in the world
Mysterious plate Baalbek
The largest Roman temple ever built is in ruins, but not in Greece or Rome, and in the ancient city of Baalbek, Lebanon (the city of Baal).
The great temple of Jupiter is part of a temple complex.
Matter of the elements of the structure: huge and very heavy-plate platform twenty meters marble columns, carved out of an unknown that way. It seems that the construction work or apply the magic of the giants.
The temple was destroyed during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius.
Despite its beauty, the ruins of Baalbek is rarely visited by tourists over the past decades due to the war, so this is a magnificent place to avoid strong looting.
Nobody knows what made this place so special to the Romans, which prompted them to build such a huge structure.
Easter Island also known as Rapa Nui and Isla de Pascua, is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific. He became known for his monumental statues that were created by the Rapanui people.
The statues, called moai so, were part of the cult of ancestor worship settlers of the island and were built between 1250 and 1500 BC
The heaviest statue weighs about 86 tons and argues that such work was a real feat for the people of Rapa Nui. Almost half of the remaining statues are still in the main career, and hundreds of them have been moved to stone platforms around the perimeter of the island.
The mystery of creation, movement and installation of the statues was discovered in 1956 by the famous Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl.
Creators moai turned a dying native tribe “long-eared”, got its name because they had a custom lengthened earlobes using heavy ornaments that for centuries kept the secret of the creation of statues in secret from the general population of the island – the tribe “korotkouhih.”
Statues on Easter Island. Photos : Nicolas de Camaret
Machu – Picchu
Machu Picchu is the most well-preserved city of the Inca Empire. The city, which was hidden in the Peruvian Andes, high on a steep hill with a flat top, place, avoid the deadly meeting with the Spanish conquistadors.
Place for centuries has been isolated from the outside world. The city re-discovered an archaeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911.
The stones of this city are compared with each other so tightly that a knife blade can not squeeze between them. Modern research shows that Machu Picchu was built around 1450 BC the great Inca ruler Pachacuti a century before the conquest of his empire.
Machu Picchu was used as the residence of the governor. Because of its modest size, he could not claim the title of a large city: it all, there were about 200 facilities. In 1532 the inhabitants of the city mysteriously disappeared.
Coral Castle – a huge complex of megalithic statues and a total weight of 1,100 tons, constructed by hand, without using machines.
The complex includes: a two-storey square tower weighing 243 tons, various buildings, massive walls, an underground swimming pool with a spiral staircase, stone map of Florida, roughly hewn chairs, a table in the form of heart, accurate sundial stone Mars and Saturn, as well as 30-ton month, its horn indicating exactly to the North Star, and much more.
How do you explain the fact that a man of small stature and stature (152 cm, 45 kg) single-handedly built a rock garden using pieces of coral, weighing several tons each?
Coral Castle, in the town of Homestead, Florida – a monument to Latvian immigrant Ed Leedskalnin of lost love. Ed began construction in 1923 after his Latvian bride left him a few days before the wedding, and devoted his life to its end.
Construction continued even after his death in 1951. Experts puzzled how a simple stonemason Leedskalnin, which had only four classes of education could build Coral Castle itself. One engineer argued that even Albert Einstein could not understand.
Statue of Christ the Redeemer
Statue of Christ the Redeemer, in 2007, became one of the new wonders of the world, rises majestically above Rio de Janeiro. Arm span 38-meter statue, weighing more than a thousand tons, is 30 meters. The monument, erected on top of a mountain called Corcovado is one of the most famous statues in the world. Every year, millions of tourists flock to its feet to witness the spectacular panorama of Rio, a picturesque bay at the Sugar Loaf Mountain, endless beaches of Copacabana and the huge Maracana stadium.
Getting to the top is possible along the electrified railway, which runs on a miniature train. The road was built long before the statue of Christ (in the late XIX century), and played a significant role in the creation of the monument – with its help delivered construction materials. By the statue can be reached by car on the motorway, which runs through the Tijuca National Park.
In 1859, Father Pedro M. Boss was so struck by the beauty of Corcovado, which proposed to establish on its top religious monument. The idea was approved, but the construction was postponed for a long time. Only in 1921 it was decided that the monument will be grand in size statue of Christ, and immediately announced the start fundraising.
For several thousand years the tallest building on earth was considered the pyramid of Cheops. It was built before the onset of this century, about 2700-1800 gg BC. and reaches a height of 146.6 meters.
This record was broken in the XIII century, when the English town of Lincoln Cathedral was built, the tip of which was 14 meters higher than the pyramid of Cheops. This grand structure was the tallest in the world for seven centuries, but the XX century appeared generous to high-rise buildings.
First, in 1931, built the famous nyuyorsky the Empire State Building in height 381 meters. Somewhat later came drifting into the clouds building in Chicago, the last 109 th floor of which was from the earth at a distance of 442 meters.
In 1967, there was a building even higher than the Chicago skyscraper. In Moscow, built the Ostankino television tower height of 536 meters. And 8 years later, in 1975, it was built even higher construction. They became Polish Radio mast height of 646 meters.
Located in Dubai’s hard not to notice a huge skyscraper, which literally pierces the sky. This building can be seen from any corner of the city, and even a few kilometers from the city!
The height of the skyscraper, the Burj Khalifa is as much as 828 meters. Burj Khalifa (Burj Khalifa) means “Dubai Tower”, but there is another official name of the building. On the opening day of the skyscraper, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Vice President of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai) announced its decision to rename the magnificent structure, dedicating it to UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Construction of the skyscraper began in 2004. The main architect of the project was appointed an American, Adrian Smith, who previously was engaged in building this kind of structures. Burj Khalifa was built on a “city within a city.” Skyscraper completely self-contained and no it does not depend on the city. The building was a place not only under multiple offices and residential apartments, but also under the boulevards, parks and shops!
Perhaps the most mysterious monuments of past civilizations on Earth were pyramids, which can be found in different parts of the world.
The three main Pyramids of Giza are arranged relative to the Nile valley, so that reproduce the position of the three stars of Orion’s Belt with respect to the Milky Way in 10,450 BC Arguing astronomical calculations, Robert Bauval and Adrian Gilbert (“Secrets of the Pyramids”) hypothesized about the estimated time of commencement of construction of the Giza complex – 10,450 BC
The Great Pyramid – Pyramid of Cheops is composed of 203 rows of masonry, 2.3 million blocks, weighing more than 6 million tons. Weight especially large blocks of 10-15 tons. In ancient times the pyramid was covered with thousands of polished 115 slabs, each weighing 10 tons. Dimensions plates were incubated with an accuracy of about 0.2 mm, the joints are adjusted so that they can not push a knife blade.
Chichen Itza – the most famous center of the Maya on the Mexican side of the Yucatan. There is still no answer to the many mysteries and puzzles that keep witnesses epochs of the Maya and Toltec Chichen Itza: El Castillo, Large golf ball, the observatory “Caracol” Temple of Warriors, the Temple of jaguars, “Group of thousands of columns.”
Who said the Mayan astronomical knowledge about Uranus, Neptune and Pluto? What is the meaning of the Mayan calendars were counting on the Millennium forward? Scientists believe that the foundation of the pyramid of Kukulkan was the principle of the calendar, and the pyramid had astronomical significance.
Teotihuacan, like the pyramids of Egypt, is an amazing example of geometrical, mathematical and astronomical mystery. Buildings of Teotihuacan took place along the roads of the Dead. The main buildings: the pyramid of the Sun, the Pyramid of the Moon and the Pyramid of Quetzalcoatl. The perimeter of the base of the pyramid of the Sun is 895 meters, its original height was about 71 meters.