The most ancient city of the world
The most ancient city of the world
Which city can rightly be considered the oldest in the world? A definite answer to this question, scientists can’t give today. However, there are few cities that can add to the list the oldest on the planet. About them we’ll talk further.
Scientists around the world agree that the Jericho can be called the oldest city in the world. It is assumed that the date of its Foundation is the year 9000 BC. Surprisingly, in this city, which stands on the river Jordan (or rather, on its Western Bank), and today is home to over 20,000 residents. Jericho stands out on the background of the desert surround it with fresh greenery and colorful picturesque scenery. The abundance of greenery within the city due to the presence of underground springs and rivers of water that flow down from the surrounding mountains here in the winter.
Jericho can be called not only the oldest, but also one of the hottest cities on the planet. And all thanks to the tropical climate prevailing in its territory. Here you can see many attractions, among which are the springs of Elisha, the Church of the virgin Mary, the house of the harlot Rahab, and other structures.
The ancient city of Byblos was founded by the Phoenicians about 5000 year BC. It is located on the Mediterranean coast and stands out with its beauty and uniqueness. The legends say that the founder of Byblos is God Kronos, who lived in Ancient Greece and the father of Zeus.
It is known that originally the city was called Hebe; but later it was renamed in honor Bibl Greeks who were brought to this area of the papyrus. The name of this city has the same root with the word “Bible”, however information about the Christian significance of this area. Major Byblos attractions are the Church of St. John the Baptist Church Byblos, the Phoenician temples, Byblos medieval wall.
The city of Susa, founded in the year 4200 BC, once was the capital of the Elamite Empire. Later it became the capital of the Achaemenids – the kings of Persia. For many centuries the ruins of the city passed into the possession of various dynasties: rulers of Iran, Assyria, and later (during the rule of Cyrus the Great), kings of Persia.
Special interest attaches to the city its rectangular shape. Within the city are located the main treasure of the Elamite kings and their Palace. The walls of the city, according to ancient sources, constructed of asphalt and brick.
Today, on the territory of the ancient city of Susa, the city of Shusha, which is home to over 65,000 residents.
New Delhi (India)
The capital of India – Delhi, was founded in the year 4000 BC. It is located on coast of the river Yamuna, in the Northern part of the country. According to ancient legends, in the territory of Delhi was once 7 cities, the most famous of which was the city of Indraprastha, in which live the heroes of the ancient epic “Mahabharata”. The main settlement on the territory of the city began to appear in the year 300 BC. Today the population is over 14 million inhabitants.
The Lebanese city of Sidon was founded about 4000 years BC. It is located near Beirut, and is one of the most important cities of the ancient Phoenicians. It was here, according to the famous legend, took the beginning of the Phoenician Empire the Mediterranean.
The city of Sidon was an important trading and craft center of Phoenicia. Hence in many neighboring countries were supplied quality goods – clothing, fabric, purple, glass, wood. There is a perception that the city Sidon was visited by the Apostle Paul and Jesus Christ. In the year 333 BC it was conquered by Alexander the great and only after the fall of Egypt gained independence.