The mysteries of the ancient giants
The mysteries of the ancient giants. The Megaliths Of Malta
When people talk about the megaliths, I immediately think of Stonehenge in England, Newgrange in Ireland or Carnac in France, although the most ancient megalithic structures located on a small Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean sea. They are notable for the fact that, as a rule, are not in isolation, but form huge complexes — the cromlechs.
Calypso, who lived on Gozo island and has captured Odysseus, Roman patricians, conducted in Malta, the summer, the Apostle Paul, who converted its people to Christianity, environmental devastation, the Saracens, the crusaders, the Hospitallers, the pirates would get it later. Until then, Malta and Gozo — green Islands with countless groves and fields, including towering giant mysterious structures.
The oldest of the Maltese megaliths Ggantija is located to the North-East of the island of Gozo. It was built around 3400-3000 BC (All dates were obtained using radiocarbon Dating, but maybe someday we will find a better one, and who knows how many years then will these stone giants.)
The word of Ggantija means “huge, huge” or “giant” and very suitable to the megalith. It consists of two separate temple with different inputs, but the overall rear wall. Some temples have a concave facade, in front of which is arranged in a platform of large stone blocks. The oldest temple complex consists of three semi-circular rooms arranged in the shape of a Shamrock. Scientists believe that this Trinity symbolizes the past, present, and future or birth, life and death.
Marek Hagar dates back to around 3300 BC, This name translates as “standing stones”, because before the excavation above the ground could see only the tops of huge boulders. The height of some of them more than five meters.
This complex is located on the island of Malta, to the South-East of La Valletta. Impressive skill of ancient architects, perfectly fit to each other the horizontal and vertical stones. Geometric and mathematical calculations used by the builders, amazingly accurate. The temples reflect the Sun’s movement from sunrise to sunset, and during the equinox the sun’s rays fall directly on the main altar.
In this temple was found a terracotta figure full Nude woman, named Venus of Malta. Now this 13-centimeter statue is in the National Museum of archaeology of Malta.
The Hypogeum Gal Saflieni differs from all the other megaliths. The word Hypogeum in Greek means “under the earth”. And indeed, this is a multi-level underground temple, stretching into the ground on 12 meters. And besides, Gal Saflieni was used as a burial place. There were found burials of priestesses of the ancient cult of the mother goddess, as well as numerous amulets and animal bones.
The Hypogeum is interesting and the fact that the walls of its burial chambers are painted with red ocher ornament in the shape of a spiral. This ornament symbolizes prosperity and is the source of livelihood, the image of a spiral is associated with the idea of the continuation and renewal of life.
Tarksien, the largest temple complex of Malta, consists of four buildings. It was discovered by accident: it in a literal sense stumbled working. It is interesting that the copper age people were here for the rites and ceremonies, and in the bronze age the temple was used as a place for burials. At one of the entrances were found several stone balls of different sizes. Believe that they were intended to transport huge boulders.
During excavations Tarxien archaeologists found many pottery, jewelry, daggers, beautifully decorated vessels owing to what the megalith is the most beautiful prehistoric monument in Europe.
These are just a few of megalithic temples of the Maltese archipelago, and then there are, and the Sorrow, and the hagrat, Bugibba, and TAS-Silg, and how much more, probably not openly.