The obelisk as a symbol
Menhir — an oblong stone (Breton: men, men — a stone, er, hir — long), as if planted in the ground stone cult column in the form of the unfinished obelisk. Custom build stone structures various forms of folded roughly, often the imposing stone blocks, dominating primarily in the Northern regions of Western Europe since the Neolithic, of course, is associated with characteristic stone property — durability. (See Rock ). Having a naturally religious basis for the custom to erect “megalithic” (i.e., made of huge stones) structures were associated primarily with burial structures (in Brittany the dolmens in Northern Germany the megalithic burials), which probably should have provided a long blessed presence in the country deceased priests or the heroes. In the immediate vicinity of the dolmens are menhirs often, the symbolism and purpose are controversial. On the one hand, they are interpreted as phallic monuments (see Ling ), contributing to ensure continued fertility, or fertility, and on the other, antologi considered them more places to shower, being in which the soul buried in large stone tombs were supposed to protect the country. Other explanations may be the following: perhaps people have tried the most obvious way to note “Holy place” or sought to create a more solid column. denoting the earth’s axis, the cult post (see the Post ), a more transient form.
In many cases the menhir was called the great stone pillars, which were erected as tombstones, although no connection with the concept of megalithic structures could not be detected.
Not far from Carnac (South Brittany) there are entire fields of alleys of stone blocks, arranged in numerous rows (not as nice as these menhirs), which were astronomical bearing to establish due to the time of year of fixed points on the horizon, which, however, is not clearly proven. Speech can go also about the perpetuation of paths along which the procession (see Pilgrimage ) to Holy places (the megalithic tombs of famous figures) or of religious symbols. which we already not available.