The Gothic quarter
The Gothic quarter is the historic value for Barcelona, it is easy to get along with buildings from the Renaissance, Roman buildings and structures in the neoclassical style, which came to us not in the best form. The official name of the “Gothic quarter” was in the early 20-ies of the last century. In this area of Barcelona is also located the Cathedral, so it’s also called “the Cathedral” quarter.
Medieval market square (Placa Nova) appeared in the late fourteenth century served as the beginning of the Gothic quarter. During this period the whole city was surrounded by ancient Roman walls, part of which was the Roman head, today they can be found in Plaza Nova. The remains of a Roman aqueduct preserved in the market square and to our time. In the era of the Romans the city was called Barcino – this word will create a visual “poem” of Catalan artist Joan Brossa.
Also in this center is a couple of the city’s attractions: the Palace of the Bishops of Barcelona and the house of archdeacon Lewis Deeply.
The Palace of the Bishops of Barcelona does not belong to the Baroque era, despite the fact that he has a Baroque facade. The building was built on ancient Roman foundations that sharply contrasts with the built in the twentieth century by the building of the College of Architects. Continue reading
Megalithic structures in Turkey and Russia
On our planet, archaeologists discovered a huge number of unusual buildings, creators and scientists today virtually unknown. For example, these megaliths are constructions of huge stone blocks, which occur frequently both in Turkey and in southern Russia.
The oldest megalithic structures in the world is a complex of Göbekli Tepe, located in southeastern Turkey. This building was created 9.5 thousand years BC She is 5.5 years older than the first cities of Mesopotamia and 7 thousand years of Stonehenge.
First of Göbekli Tepe were examined in 1963. However, archaeologists have underestimated its value. Only years later the expedition under the direction of Klaus Schmidt dug up a magnificent ancient temple. Unfortunately, the upper part of the temple was destroyed before it was examined by scientists. The fact is that on the hill, in the which is the temple complex, was located in a field of oats. And peasants were removed from the field prevented them bulky stones, not even knowing that they are thousands of years old.
Modern research on the hill are a little more than ten years. Near the circular building of the sanctuary archaeologists have found several smaller buildings, probably for religious purposes.
Although the scientists were released from under the mound is only a part of Göbekli Tepe, it is already clear that the sanctuary possessed an unusually large size. The building was Continue reading
The great wall of China
The great wall of China – one of the outstanding achievements of engineering thought, one of the iconic symbols of China. Construction of this impressive facility began in the fourth century BC and lasted for several centuries.
Actually, the Great wall of China – it is three walls, a length of about 5 thousand kilometers. Some parts of fortifications were built even before the great construction. However, the construction began under the Emperor Qin Shi Juan, which gathered a great army of builders of representatives from peasant, warrior castes. Also in these works used the labor of criminals and prisoners. The wall was created in order to protect the country from attacks by the warlike Mongols from the North, and as proofs of the greatness of the Emperor. Needless to say that the construction was carried out with the greatest toll in human lives and in popular mythology, the building was called the “wailing wall”. One of the Chinese ancient legends tells that the wall was destroyed by the tears of the wife by the spouse, who died at the construction site.
The construction of the wall began in other time, in the Han dynasty, which ruled from 206 BC to 220 ad. Centuries later, in 607 year the wall was rebuilt, and to perform large-scale works took about one million workers.
Exactly Continue reading