The architecture and sculpture of Crete
Aegean culture – historical community of the cultures of the peoples who inhabited from the beginning of the third Millennium BC the Aegean shores: the Balkans, the Peninsula of Asia Minor and adjacent Islands – the Cyclades, largest island in the Aegean sea – Crete. A great civilization that flourished in these places, died in the mid to late second Millennium BC, when the Greek civilization is still in its infancy. Greatest cities of the Aegean world – Tiryns, Mycenae, Knossos, Phaistos, finally, the legendary Troy so many times mentioned in Greek myths and legends, it seems that the radicals received a classical education, knows them all, or almost all, but in fact until the seventies of the last century Europeans did not know where exactly were these cities, and believed that the myths are wonderful cautionary tales with entertaining intrigue and deep philosophical meaning, an inexhaustible mine of subjects for all arts for all ages.
Only in the 70-ies of the nineteenth century an amazing person, an Amateur in archeology, but piously believed that Homer described the real course of events, the German Heinrich Schliemann, after a desperate attempt to find Homeric Troy, proved that Troy existed. In Turkey, on a hill, Hisarlik, guided only by the descriptions of Homer and other ancient authors, he found the ruins of the legendary city, who died in a fire. It was Continue reading
Other Temples in Bangkok
In addition to the popular and world-famous temples of Bangkok, the city still has many of the interesting places of worship that most guides fail to mention.
Wat Benchamabopit (the Marble temple)
Wat Benchamabophit (Wat Benchamabophit) is one of the most beautiful and popular monasteries of Bangkok, being at the same time and most modern city temple. It was designed by the son of Rama IV and was built during the reign of Rama V, during the second half of the XIX century, made of marble, which is not very characteristic of Thai construction.
Construction began in 1901 during the reign of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V). For the construction of ubosot Scotism in style, with three-tiered roof was used white Carrara marble for a lot of money delivered from Italy. The building combines both Thai and European features.
In the courtyard of the temple, there are more than 50 Buddha statues, which resemble the famous statues from various countries and provinces. In the main hall stored the ashes of King Chulalongkorn.
In the Park of the monastery, in the pool, live the sacred turtle – symbol of longevity, while in the channel flowing through the temple grounds, is home to the giant catfish is a sacred fish.
If you exit the Temple and visit the channel, you will see a small platform with the drums is an ancient type of hours. The monks responsible for the time, Continue reading
CYCLOPEAN MASONRY — masonry with giant blocks of stone, characteristic of the architectural structures of antiquity. Under many later believed such buildings were created by the legendary Cyclops. Often kvadra stone no bond, and the stability of the entire structure is achieved only by the force of their gravity. One of the most famous examples of the so-called Lion gate at Mycenae, built in 14-13 centuries BC.
Barrel VAULT — a vault, having in transverse vertical section form of a semicircle, in the longitudinal — straight line, C. S. based on parallel supports (walls, columns, colonnade, arcade). C. S. originated in the deep of the trees to bear (IV — III Millennium B. C.) in Mesopotamia and Egypt Crossed C. C. form groin
The ENGRAVER’s (from zinc and Greek. grapho — write, draw) — the production of relief forms for relief printing from zinc by means of chemical and photos mechanical processes. For the engraving zinc drawing done on the Board acid-resistant paints, then unpainted parts of zinc deeply poisoned by the acids, while the graphic does not clearly and distinctly stand out on the plate, forming the printing plates With line etching, a drawing, a solution of asphalt on a plate of zinc or drawing with ink or chalk (the opposing acid) transferred with the glue-coated paper, soaking the paper attached to the face plate, the adhesive dissolves, Continue reading