Walls (V – VI century) – cyclopean buildings

Walls (V – VI century) – cyclopean buildings

In the cultural layers of Derbent dassanetch time were found the excavations conducted by archaeological expeditions under the leadership of Professor A. Kudryavtseva. evidence of the occurrence of the settlement here five years ago. In the book “Muslim city of Dagestan” Alexander Kudryavtsev Abakarovich notes: “the Territory of the Derbent hill continued to settle at the end of the P – beginning I thousand BC In the first quarter of the I Millennium BC on the basis of ancient settlements that existed on the Derbent hill, appeared the first fortification, the ancient fortress-refuge, which was, in fact, the earliest “node”, “castle” famous “Gates”, i.e., “Derbent”, vposledstvii received such wide acclaim.

Research of ancient fortifications of Derbent proved that these fortifications, lying mostly under the walls of the medieval citadel of the city, now known as the Naryn-Kala, was a strong fortress, almost completely similar in layout citadel of feudal times.”

Ancient writers and modern researchers is the construction of the fortifications of the processed stones in the Caspian passage associated with the names of the 4 kings of the Sassanid – Yezdigerd II. Perosa, Kawada and Khosrow I Anushirwan .

K. V. Trever construction of the Derbent defensive system considers it possible to date the reign of Kawada, and the Arab authors of the IX-X centuries associated with the names of Kawada and Khosrow I Anushirwan. However, information on the construction of the Derbent defensive systems of many Arab authors gradually merge, blend and attributed to the Cávado, Khosrov I to the Abbasid Caliphate .

Most clearly identifies the contribution of each of the rulers of Balazari, and Ibn-Khordadbeh (IX-X centuries) reports a number of interesting additional points that Kavad “built a brick wall”, and the Abbasid Caliphate is credited with the construction of Derbent.

In recent decades, archaeological surveys (Kudryavtsev Alexander Abakarovich. M. Hajiyev) answered many controversial questions. Still have many open problems, one of which is the construction of Adobe and stone fortress walls of Derbent.

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